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## Derived categories of Grassmannians over integers and modular representation theory

Cornell University
,
2014.

Alexander I. Efimov

In this paper we study the derived categories of coherent sheaves on Grassmannians Gr(k,n), defined over the ring of integers. We prove that the category D^b(Gr(k,n)) has a semi-orthogonal decomposition, with components being full subcategories of the derived category of representations of GL_k. This in particular implies existence of a full exceptional collection, which is a refinement of Kapranov's collection \cite{Kap}, which was constructed over a field of characteristic zero.
We also describe the right dual semi-orthogonal decomposition which has a similar form, and its components are full subcategories of the derived category of representations of GL_{n−k}. The resulting equivalences between the components of the two decompositions are given by a version of Koszul duality for strict polynomial functors.
We also construct a tilting vector bundle on Gr(k,n). We show that its endomorphism algebra has two natural structures of a split quasi-hereditary algebra over Z, and we identify the objects of D^b(Gr(k,n)), which correspond to the standard and costandard modules in both structures.
All the results automatically extend to the case of arbitrary commutative base ring and the category of perfect complexes on the Grassmannian, by extension of scalars (base change).
Similar results over fields of arbitrary characteristic were obtained independently in \cite{BLVdB}, by different methods.

Brav C. I., Thomas H., Mathematische Annalen 2011 Vol. 351 No. 4 P. 1005-1017

We establish faithfulness of braid group actions generated by twists along an ADE configuration of 22-spherical objects in a derived category. Our major tool is the Garside structure on braid groups of type ADE. This faithfulness result provides the missing ingredient in Bridgeland's description of a space of stability conditions associated to a Kleinian singularity. ...

Added: September 29, 2014

Braverman A., Michael Finkelberg, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014.

In this note, we extend the results of arxiv:1111.2266 and arxiv:1203.1583 to the non simply laced case. To this end we introduce and study the twisted zastava spaces. ...

Added: February 5, 2015

Braverman A., Dobrovolska G., Michael Finkelberg, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014.

Let G be an almost simple simply connected group over complex numbers. For a positive element α of the coroot lattice of G let Z^α denote the space of based maps from the projective line to the flag variety of G of degree α. This space is known to be isomorphic to the space of ...

Added: February 3, 2015

Michael Finkelberg, Schechtman V., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014.

We reformulate the De Concini -- Toledano Laredo conjecture about the monodromy of the Casimir connection in terms of a relation between the Lusztig's symmetries of quantum group modules and the monodromy in the vanishing cycles of factorizable sheaves. ...

Added: January 30, 2015

Braverman A., Michael Finkelberg, Nakajima H., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014.

We describe the (equivariant) intersection cohomology of certain moduli spaces ("framed Uhlenbeck spaces") together with some structures on them (such as e.g.\ the Poincar\'e pairing) in terms of representation theory of some vertex operator algebras ("W-algebras"). ...

Added: January 30, 2015

Bezrukavnikov R., Finkelberg M. V., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2012. No. 1208.3696.

Mark Haiman has reduced Macdonald positivity conjecture to a statement about geometry of the Hilbert scheme of points on the plane, and formulated a generalization of the conjectures where the symmetric group is replaced by the wreath product $S_n\ltimes (Z/r Z)^n$. He has proven the original conjecture by establishing the geometric statement about the Hilbert ...

Added: February 6, 2013

Cruz Morales J. A., Galkin S., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2013. No. 1301.4541.

In this note we provide a new, algebraic proof of the excessive Laurent phenomenon for mutations of potentials (in the sense of [Galkin S., Usnich A., Preprint IPMU 10-0100, 2010]) by introducing to this theory the analogue of the upper bounds from [Berenstein A., Fomin S., Zelevinsky A., Duke Math. J. 126 (2005), 1-52]. ...

Added: May 27, 2013

Braverman A., Rybnikov L. G., Feigin B. L. et al., Communications in Mathematical Physics 2011 Vol. 308 No. 2 P. 457-478

Recently Alday, Gaiotto and Tachikawa proposed a conjecture relating 4-dimensional super-symmetric gauge theory for a gauge group G with certain 2-dimensional conformal field theory. This conjecture implies the existence of certain structures on the (equivariant) intersection cohomology of the Uhlenbeck partial compactification of the moduli space of framed G-bundles on P^2. More precisely, it predicts ...

Added: May 12, 2012

Brav C. I., International Mathematics Research Notices 2009 No. 8 P. 1355-1387

Kirillov has described a McKay correspondence for finite subgroups of that associates to each “height” function an affine Dynkin quiver together with a derived equivalence between equivariant sheaves on and representations of this quiver. The equivalences for different height functions are then related by reflection functors for quiver representations. The main goal of this article ...

Added: September 29, 2014

Fedor Bogomolov, Yuri Prokhorov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2013.

We discuss the problem of stable conjugacy of finite subgroups of Cremona
groups. We show that the group $H^1(G,Pic(X))$ is a stable birational invariant
and compute this group in some cases. ...

Added: November 21, 2014

Positselski L., Efimov A., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2013. No. arXiv:1102.0261.

We define the triangulated category of relative singularities of a closed subscheme in a scheme. When the closed subscheme is a Cartier divisor, we consider matrix factorizations of the related section of a line bundle, and their analogues with locally free sheaves replaced by coherent ones. The appropriate exotic derived category of coherent matrix factorizations ...

Added: December 22, 2013

Bershtein M., Gavrylenko P., Marshakov A., / arXiv.org. Series arXiv.org "hep-th". 2017. No. 1705.00957.

We study twist-field representations of the W-algebras and generalize the construction of the corresponding vertex operators to D- and B-series. We demonstrate how the computation of characters of such representations leads to the nontrivial identities involving lattice theta-functions. We propose a construction of their exact conformal blocks, which for D-series express them in terms of ...

Added: May 4, 2017

Positselski L., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1209.2995.

Contraherent cosheaves are globalizations of cotorsion (or similar) modules over commutative rings obtained by gluing together over a scheme. The category of contraherent cosheaves over a scheme is a Quillen exact category with exact functors of infinite product. Over a quasi-compact semi-separated scheme or a Noetherian scheme of finite Krull dimension (in a different version ...

Added: February 6, 2013

Lee K., Shabalin T., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014.

We construct exceptional collections of maximal length on four families of
surfaces of general type with $p_g=q=0$ which are isogenous to a product of
curves. From these constructions we obtain new examples of quasiphantom
categories as their orthogonal complements. ...

Added: October 17, 2014

Gorchinskiy Sergey, Rosly Alexei, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2012.

We construct the so-called polar complex for an arbitrary locally free sheaf on a smooth variety over a field of characteristic zero. This complex is built from logarithmic forms on all irreducible subvarieties with values in a locally free sheaf. We prove that cohomology groups of the polar complex are canonically isomorphic to the cohomology ...

Added: October 31, 2013

Rybakov S., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014.

A k-isogeny class of abelian varieties over a finite field k is uniquely determined by the Weil polynomial f of any variety from this class. When we consider classification problems concerning abelian varieties inside an isogeny class, the classification can be given in terms of the corresponding Weil polynomial. In this paper we improve our ...

Added: January 21, 2014

Ivan Cheltsov, Park J., Won J., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2013.

For each del Pezzo surface $S$ with du Val singularities, we determine
whether it admits a $(-K_S)$-polar cylinder or not. If it allows one, then we
present an effective divisor $D$ that is $\mathbb{Q}$-linearly equivalent to
$-K_S$ and such that the open set $S\setminus\mathrm{Supp}(D)$ is a cylinder.
As a corollary, we classify all the del Pezzo surfaces with du ...

Added: December 27, 2013

Efimov A., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2013.

In this paper, we show that bounded derived categories of coherent sheaves (considered as DG categories) on separated schemes of finite type over a field of characteristic zero are homotopically finitely presented. This confirms a conjecture of Kontsevich. The proof uses categorical resolution of singularities of Kuznetsov and Lunts, which is based on the ordinary ...

Added: October 31, 2013

Fedor Bogomolov, Böhning C., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2012.

In this article we determine the stable cohomology groups H^i_s (A_n, Z/p) of the alternating groups A_n for all integers n and i, and all primes p. ...

Added: December 4, 2013

Kharlamov V., Viktor Kulikov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2013.

In this article, we investigate some properties of cyclic coverings of complex surfaces of general type branched along smooth curves that are numerically equivalent to a multiple of the canonical class. The main results concern coverings of surfaces of general type with p_g=0 and Miyaoka--Yau surfaces; in particular, they provide new examples of multicomponent moduli ...

Added: December 27, 2013

Fedor Bogomolov, De Oliveira B., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014.

In the authors's previous work on symmetric differentials and their
connection to the topological properties of the ambient manifold, a class of
symmetric differentials was introduced: closed symmetric differentials
([BoDeO11] and [BoDeO13]). In this article we give a description of the local
structure of closed symmetric 2-differentials on complex surfaces, with an
emphasis towards the local decompositions as products of ...

Added: November 21, 2014

Victor Kulikov, Shustin E., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014.

We study the geometry of equiclassical strata of the discriminant in the space of plane curves of a given degree, which are families of curves of given degree, genus and class (degree of the dual curve). Our main observation is that the use of duality transformation leads to a series of new sufficient conditions for ...

Added: February 2, 2015

Michael Finkelberg, Leonid Rybnikov, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2013.

Drinfeld zastava is a certain closure of the moduli space of maps from the projective line to the Kashiwara flag scheme of an affine Lie algebra g^. In case g is the symplectic Lie algebra spN, we introduce an affine, reduced, irreducible, normal quiver variety Z which maps to the zastava space isomorphically in characteristic ...

Added: December 27, 2013

Campana F., Demailly J., Misha Verbitsky, / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2013.

We prove that any compact K\"ahler 3-dimensional manifold which has no non-trivial complex subvarieties is a torus. This is a very special case of a general conjecture on the structure of 'simple manifolds', central in the bimeromorphic classification of compact K\"ahler manifolds. The proof follows from the Brunella pseudo-effectivity theorem, combined with fundamental results of ...

Added: May 13, 2013