Role of the European Court of Justice in the Third Pillar: Does not it grow too fast?
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.
The book addresses judicial reforms in a number of post-socialist countries, including Poland, Bulgaria, Baltic states, Russia, Ukraine, Georgia and several other former Sovier republics. The focal point is the impact of the Soviet past (Soviet attitude towards law, specifics of early Soviet criminal law, the role of Soviet courts and the phenomenon of the Soviet judicial mentality) on judicial and police reforms.
The range of the subjects for study and research available to law students at universities and law schools has been extended over the recent years. To large extent, those newly in troduced disciplines and areas of learning cover a relatively limited scope of subjects which are related to the major, "foundation" courses. However, a development of the professional orientation in the study of law and legal research, as well as a shift towards a new frameworkof professional law education also require diversification of specific subjects. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to outline the International TaxLaw course and its potential as a separate discipline for study and research.
международное налоговое право, международное налогообложение, предмет и методы науки, ЮРИСПРУДЕНЦИЯ, International TaxLaw, international taxation, subject matter and methods of research, legal studies
This article addresses reforms that took place in Kyrgyzstan within last two decades and provides a comprehensive description of changes that were enforced under the rule of Askar Akayev, the first president of independent Kyrgyzstan. The focal points of the article include specifics of transformation of the national constitutional system, achievements of the Kyrgyz judicial reform, the unique courts of aksakals that play an important role in administration of justice.
The author analyzes the features of the Russian law school, in particular, considering the difference in the interpretation of the "rule of law" and "law-bound state" concepts , the differences in lawyers mentality and circumstances of the experts selection process in competent state bodies.
As an example of the interpretation differences the author provides a detailed analyzes of the Russian Constitutional Court decision on the constitutionality of the treaty between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Crimea on the adoption of the Republic of Crimea to the Russian Federation and the formation of new subjects within the latter.