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Working paper

The institutionalization of the party system in Russia: opportunities and threats at the elections of governors

Gaivoronsky Y., Karandashova S., Sirotkina E., Shishorina A.
Does the level of party system institutionalization influence high-level incumbents’ electoral support within subnational authoritarianism? Is it possible to ensure the incumbents’ electoral success only with electoral manipulative practices and to what extent this and other factors contribute to the incumbents’ walkover? In this paper, we argue that manipulative practices are not the only and sufficient determinant of incumbents’ electoral success in an authoritarian regime as it is widely assumed by the scholars of electoral authoritarianism. The research is based on the results of Russian gubernatorial elections in 2012-2013