Effects of Regulatory Reforms in Public Procurement: the Case of National University in Russia
This paper analyses the impact of two reforms dealt with transparency improvement and adoption of more flexible regulation on effectiveness of procurement of a large state university (Higher School of Economics) in the period from 2008 to 2012. We evaluate the impact of two significant changes in the public procurement regulation: transfer to electronic auctions and adoption by this organization of its own Procurement Provision. We show that transfer to electronic auctions leads to higher competition and more significant price decreases, whereas the adoption of Procurement provision has an opposite effect. Regarding such indicator as delays in contracts execution, the first reform has no effect and the second regulation changes result in decreasing of delays.
In this paper, we regard public procurements as an instrument used by the state for indirect support of enterprises. In this context, we have posed the following questions: what place do the public procurements occupy in the system of relations between business and the state? Can we regard them as a component in "the system of exchanges" between enterprises and authorities? To what extent do public procurements are combined with measures for direct support of enterprises? To answer these questions, we used the data from a survey of enterprises conducted by the Institute for Industrial and Market Studies at the National Research University- Higher School of Economics in 2009. Our analysis gives us grounds to believe that as economic development of a region rises, direct support of enterprises declines giving way to indirect support by means of public procurements.
The article discusses the dialogue of Russian and Japanese cultures, focusing on the mutual perceptions. The author considers that, despite the complicated relationship characterized by mutual distrust of the sides, between Russia and Japan continues the dialogue, based on mutual interest in each other's culture. Much attention is paid to the development of culture dialog through the public organizations.
This article focuses on the activities of the Moscow Offices on public organizations affairs in 1906–1917. The paper studies the working process of the Office, the stages and practice of considering applications for the establishment of public organizations, everyday practices and overall outcome of registration activities. The sources of the study consist of materials of the Moscow provincial Office on public organizations affairs and Moscow special city office on public organizations affairs. The study of this problem will allow us to understand better the system of state regulation in the establishment of public organizations in pre-revolutionary Russia.
The description of the domain-specific language focused on administrative regulations modeling is presented. The language has a simple syntax; it can be used by different categories of users.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.