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Working paper

ВАК и проблемы научной аттестации в СССР в 1930-е годы. Итоги и перспективы изучения

The development of the system of the scientific attestation in the USSR was closely connected to the politics and ideology. However during the analysis of the topic neither Soviet nor contemporary researches pay attention to the political context and therefore the general picture appears distorted. The authors of this article outline possible perspectives in the research of the history of the Higher Attestation Commission – “Vishaya Attestatsionnaya Komissiya” (VAK ) during 1933–1938 period of time. They demonstrate that from the very beginning VAK was intended not only as a structure which would assign scientific degrees and titles but also as a state control mechanism. Based on the archival documents which are being introduced here for the first time VAK and its techniques and methods of work are presented as one of the units of the state machine of Stalinism.