ВАК и проблемы научной аттестации в СССР в 1930-е годы. Итоги и перспективы изучения
The authors examine historical circumstances which brought about the perception of an academic dissertation as a result of scholarly research and, simultaneously, as a means to advance a civil servant’s career. Unlike those dealing with universities’ socio-political history they are not exclusively interested in legal norms, defense statistics, and personal recollections. The reserachers are also looking to answer the following questions: in the first half of the 19th century, did the defense procedure serve as a form of academic assessment? Or was it just a way to establish an academic hierarchy and promote education? They also seek to understand how the status of a thesis changed over time and how a dissertation became more research-oriented.
In this article the author defines the essence and defines the ideological function of the state, discusses the basic processes in the framework of realization of ideological function of the state, highlights the structural elements of mechanism of realization of ideological function of the state.
Studying the development of educational and research institutions in Russia in 1990s and 2000s, the author saw a fl ood of scholarly publications and doctoral theses that were not contributing to the growth of scientifi c knowledge on their respective subjects. Th e production of such papers she called as ‘bubble making’. Th is article shows this phenomenon for example the “Yakushev school”, a scholarly movement whose representatives over the last 20 years have studied the history of awarding academic degrees in the Russian Empire, USSR and the Russian Federation. Alexander Yakushev was professor at universities in Stavropol, Pyatigorsk and Nevinnomyssk; now at the Russian International Innovative University in Sochi. Also he has actively participated in discussing reform projects for scholarly certifi cation and published expert estimates of current legislation in this sphere. In this article author analyzes the causes of this school’s emergence, its perspective, research areas and its achievements.
In proceedings of the conference organized by the Center for scientific political thought and ideology, the authors discuss the theory, history and typology of ideologies, the problems of the relationship of the state and ideology and state ideology in modern Russia.