Hellas, Multiplied by Communism
The rebirth of communism, as shown by a new wave of publications (A. Badiou, B. Groys, S.Žižek), disqualifies the historical peculiarity of the Soviet experience in favor of the eternal “idea of communism”, originating in the works of the Ancient Greek philosopher, Plato. It is an ironic reversal of the fates suffered by the studies of Antiquity after the Russian Revolution. Apparently, the present day supra-historical idealism and the old school historical materialism exclude each other. On the other hand, an analysis of Soviet cultural politics from the 1920-30s may demonstrate that those radical theoretical stances were presented as distinct practical phases in the same changing experience of communism. A repudiation of the Soviet past brings for the current rebirth of communism nothing other than the hiding of ugly practical problems behind theoretical purity.
Research target: Philosophy, Ethics, and Religious Studies
Priority areas: humanitarian
, Герменея 2013 № 5
This work is translation of one of the most essential text of British researcher Eric Dodds. In this work we see interpretation of Plato’s dialog “Parmenidus”. Subsequently, this interpretation became classic work abot Plato’s philosophy. ...
Added: December 12, 2013
, , Греко-латинский кабинет, 2000
Новое издание диалога Платона "Апология Сократа" с параллельным древнегреческим текстом. Пер. М.С.Соловьева, вступительная статья и примечания Ю.А.Шичалин, А.А.Глухов ...
Added: April 6, 2017
, Würzburger Jahrbücher für die Altertumswissenschaft. Neue Folge 2018 Vol. 42 P. 5-18
We examine the parallels between the theory of pleasure ascribed by Plato to the ‘enemies of Philebus’, in the homonymous dialogue, and that of the ‘wise men’, in the Republic 9. Though some of these parallels were noticed by G. Grote in 1865 and by J. Adam in 1907, their observations did not receive further ...
Added: September 27, 2017
, Studia Patristica 2013 Vol. LXII No. 10 P. 69-80
The article considers some protreptic motifs of the First Alcibiades in St. Basil’s homily On the Words ‘Give Heed to Thyself’. Dealing with a verse from Deuteronomy (15:9: Πρόσεχε σεαυτῷ etc.). St. Basil evidently regards it as a biblical counterpart of the Delphic maxim γνῶθι σαυτόν, using the sacred text to impel his audience to ...
Added: September 18, 2013
М. : Изд-во РГГУ, 2006
Added: October 16, 2017
, М. : Rosebud Publishing, 2019
Книга Люка Бриссона -- это доступный и увлекательный рассказ про первого человека, который назвал себя философом, -- Платона. "Философия рождается в шуме и ярости", -- пишет Бриссон в предисловии. Его задача -- показать, как жизненный опыт Платона связан с его пониманием философии, ставшим определяющим для всей европейской традиции. Но эта задача затрудняется тем, что вокруг ...
Added: September 22, 2018
, Вестник Русской христианской гуманитарной академии 2013 Т. 14 № 3 С. 19-27
The paper deals with the political sense of the dialectical method of Plato. Dialectics is often understood as a pure logical procedure. However the two forms of the dialectical discourse (mentioned in the “Phaedrus”) must be interpreted politically: the first one is a movement of freedom, the second one is a movement of justice. The ...
Added: December 10, 2013
, Вопросы философии 2018 № 4 С. 22-31
The Russian revolution is a process of ambiguous modernization (since the end of the 19th century), which is still not institutionally completed. The key moment was the events of 2017. Their result was the coming to power of the Bolshevik Party, the Civil War, the formation of the political regime, which gave the very traumatic ...
Added: October 15, 2018
, Вестник Православного Свято-Тихоновского гуманитарного университета. Серия 1: Богословие. Философия. Религиоведение 2012 № 3 (41) С. 105-114
The so called "Socratic protreptic" has been regarded as a kind of transitional form from sophistic presentations to early Plato’s dialogues. The scope of the present paper is to review the evidence on protreptic writings of the Socratics (Antisthenes, Aeschines and Aristippus), however scant it is, and to see whether a common pattern emerges. We ...
Added: April 1, 2013
, Альманах общества Seminarium Hortus Humanitatis 2013 № 31 С. 15-24
В статье рассматриваются традиции комментирования текстов Аристотеля в поздней античности, Средние века, эпоху Возрождения. Также поднимаются вопросы о современном состянии комментирования Аристотеля в европейской и отечественной историко-философской науке. ...
Added: January 23, 2014
, Платоновские исследования 2017 Т. 7 № 2 С. 33-54
Rhetoric is one of the key themes of Plato’s Phaedrus. In the second part of the dialogue Socrates refers to rhetoric as psychagogy (soul-leading). The notion of psychagogia initially designated the process of conjuring souls from the Underworld to the world of the living. Outside the magical context psychagogy could refer to a set of ...
Added: December 15, 2016
, Russian Studies in Philosophy 2017 Vol. 55 No. 3-4 P. 210-226
This article analyzes Nikolai Berdyaev’s (1874–1948) ideas concerning the spiritual origins of the 1917 Russian revolution. The philosopher believed that its sources were “demons” living in the Russian national spirit, discovered and awakened in the works of the Russian classics, such as Nikolai Gogol, Fyodor Dostoyevsky, and Leo Tolstoy. The main reason these demons were ...
Added: November 10, 2017
, Электронный научно-образовательный журнал "История" 2018 № 4 (68)
The paper want to reconstruct the genesis of the enclyctical Divini Redemptoris (19 th March 1937) against the Soviet Communism. This documentation permits to demonstrate that the publication of the encyclical was the point of arrival of a twofold evolution. The encyclical bears the personal imprint of Pope Pius XI. ...
Added: September 30, 2018
, Schole. Философское антиковедение и классическая традиция 2019 Т. XIII № 1 С. 294-306
Corpus Platonicum is one of our primary evidence on the history of Greek magic in the classical period and with other sources it gives the knowledge on those who practiced magic-working (magoi, goetes, pharmakeis and epodoi). Plato is well known for his critics of magicians in the Republic and the Laws yet picturing Socrates as ...
Added: January 16, 2019
, Художественная культура 2013 № 1
The paper offers a review of positions held by prominent philosophers (Plato, Benjamin, Heidegger, Derrida) regarding the power of art. In spite of the essential differences between their approaches to art those thinkers displayed interest in the same questions and problems. That helps to reassess Plato’s harsh criticism of art, which turns out to be ...
Added: May 17, 2013
, Russian Journal of Philosophy & Humanities 2017 Vol. 1 No. 1 P. 105-126
The paper discusses the realistic application of Plato’s Kallipolis, providing results of recent studies on Greek colonization and cultural poetics. The Republic is just one among other colonization projects proposed by Athenian intellectuals in 4th century BC. Participants of the dialogue are quite familiar with real colonization practices. Socrates gives concise and clear indications on ...
Added: April 4, 2017
, Problemos 2017 No. 91 P. 128-140
The paper considers Plato’s theory of language through the prism of the Timaeus’ metaphysics. It is argued that the apparent contradictions of Plato’s philosophy of language are the consequence of the two-fold nature of language, and that the metaphysical scheme proposed by Plato in the Timaeus can shed a light on his coherent theory of ...
Added: March 24, 2017
, Платоновские исследования 2017 Т. 7 № 2 С. 127-146
The article examines the origin of the philosophical myth of the cave cited in Cicero’s dialogue De natura deorum (2.95–96) and attempts to interpret this text. Cicero argues that the author of the myth is Aristotle, but does not mention the title of the work containing it. It is generally believed that the myth of ...
Added: January 27, 2018
, ΣΧΟΛΗ. Ancient Philosophy and the Classical Tradition 2019 Vol. 13 No. 2 P. 513-536
The paper provides a historical background for the “reversal” concept of truth. In Attic drama, Plato found a way to approach the problem of conflict between the good and justice. By overcoming deficiencies of tragic representations, Plato came to understand human reality as a complex plot, prone to a complete change. His philosophical solution consisted ...
Added: October 10, 2019
, История философии 2015 Т. 20 № 1 С. 237-258
The author analyses the problem of truth as it is presented in the interpretations of Martin Heidegger and Alexandre Koyré, covering Plato’s Republic. Heidegger reads it primarily as a poetic myth of concealment and disclosure, revealing the intellection of Being. The space of political is a space of a historical manifestation and at the same ...
Added: October 20, 2015
, Историко-философский ежегодник 2014 С. 29-52
According to the widely spread opinion among historians of philosophy, Plato makes a philosophical conceptualization of word αἰών, using it in the sense of “eternity” and implying infinity and timelessness. However, a careful analysis of Plato’s cosmological ideas in the context of early usage of αἰών gives a basis for rejection of this traditional point ...
Added: June 12, 2013
Newcastle upon Tyne : Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2016
Heidegger’s philosophy has an extraordinarily complex relationship to Plato. Heidegger sees Plato as the founder of that Western metaphysics which he claims should be overcome. However, his interpretation of Plato, upon which his reconstruction of the history of philosophy rests, is anything but incontestable from a philological point of view, and has generated much criticism. ...
Added: October 4, 2014
, Общественные науки и современность 2005 № 6 С. 128-134
Продолжение публикации, начатой в предыдущем номере. Приводятся второе-четвертое "письма Сократа Платону". Во втором письме Сократ объясняет, почему он отказался от защиты Лисия на суде и решил защищаться сам. Он расценивал свое последнее выступление на суде как завещание человечеству – нынешнему и будущему. Кроме того, у него никогда не было такой большой аудитории сограждан, пришедших послушать ...
Added: March 31, 2013
Дом восходящей философии. Рецензия на книгу: Paul Kalligas, Chloe Balla, Effie Baziotopoulou-Valavani, Vassilis Karasmanis (eds.), Plato’s Academy: Its Workings and Its History. Cambridge University Press, 2020
, Платоновские исследования 2020 Т. 13 № 2 С. 354-362
The reviewer notes that this volume is a substantial contribution to our understanding of the Greek intellectual history, and in several respects so. First, latest archeological evidence sheds new light on the physical organization of the first European school. Second, the book contains valuable insights concerning public representation of philosophy as a social practice. Third, ...
Added: December 24, 2020