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## The conifold point

Cornell University
,
2014.
No. 1404.7388.

Galkin S.

Consider a Laurent polynomial with real positive coefficients such that the origin is strictly inside its Newton polytope. Then it is strongly convex as a function of real positive argument. So it has a distinguished Morse critical point --- the unique critical point with real positive coordinates. As a consequence we obtain a positive answer to a question of Ostrover and Tyomkin: the quantum cohomology algebra of a toric Fano manifold contains a field as a direct summand. Moreover, it gives a good evidence that the same statement holds for any Fano manifold.

Coates T., Corti A., Galkin S. et al., Geometry and Topology 2016 Vol. 20 No. 1 P. 103–256

The quantum period of a variety X is a generating function for certain Gromov-Witten invariants of X which plays an important role in mirror symmetry. In this paper we compute the quantum periods of all 3-dimensional Fano manifolds. In particular we show that 3-dimensional Fano manifolds with very ample anticanonical bundle have mirrors given by ...

Added: November 18, 2014

Galkin S., Golyshev V., Iritani H., Duke Mathematical Journal 2016 Vol. 165 No. 11 P. 2005–2077

We propose Gamma Conjectures for Fano manifolds which can be thought of as a square root of the index theorem. Studying the exponential asymptotics of solutions to the quantum differential equation, we associate a principal asymptotic class A_F to a Fano manifold F. We say that F satisfies Gamma Conjecture I if A_F equals the ...

Added: November 18, 2014

Galkin S., Golyshev V., Iritani H., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1404.6407.

We propose Gamma Conjectures for Fano manifolds which can be thought of as a square root of the index theorem. Studying the exponential asymptotics of solutions to the quantum differential equation, we associate a principal asymptotic class A_F to a Fano manifold F. We say that F satisfies Gamma Conjecture I if A_F equals the ...

Added: May 4, 2014

Coates T., Galkin S., Kasprzyk A. et al., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1406.4891.

We collect a list of known four-dimensional Fano manifolds and compute their quantum periods. This list includes all four-dimensional Fano manifolds of index greater than one, all four-dimensional toric Fano manifolds, all four-dimensional products of lower-dimensional Fano manifolds, and certain complete intersections in projective bundles. ...

Added: June 20, 2014

Galkin S., Iritani H., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2015. No. 1508.00719.

The asymptotic behaviour of solutions to the quantum differential equation of a Fano manifold F defines a characteristic class A_F of F, called the principal asymptotic class. Gamma conjecture of Vasily Golyshev and the present authors claims that the principal asymptotic class A_F equals the Gamma class G_F associated to Euler's Γ-function. We illustrate in ...

Added: August 5, 2015

Akhtar M., Coates T., Galkin S. et al., Symmetry, Integrability and Geometry: Methods and Applications (SIGMA) 2012 Vol. 8 No. 094 P. 1–707

Given a Laurent polynomial f, one can form the period of f: this is a function of one complex variable that plays an important role in mirror symmetry for Fano manifolds. Mutations are a particular class of birational transformations acting on Laurent polynomials in two variables; they preserve the period and are closely connected with ...

Added: September 14, 2013

Coates T., Galkin S., Kasprzyk A. et al., Experimental Mathematics 2020 Vol. 29 No. 2 P. 183–221

We collect a list of known four-dimensional Fano manifolds and compute their quantum periods. This list includes all four-dimensional Fano manifolds of index greater than one, all four-dimensional toric Fano manifolds, all four-dimensional products of lower-dimensional Fano manifolds, and certain complete intersections in projective bundles. ...

Added: September 1, 2018

Galkin S., Iritani H., , in : Primitive Forms and Related Subjects — Kavli IPMU 2014. : Tokyo: Mathematical Society of Japan, 2019. P. 55–115.

The asymptotic behaviour of solutions to the quantum differential equation of a Fano manifold F defines a characteristic class A_F of F, called the principal asymptotic class.
Gamma conjecture of Vasily Golyshev and the present authors claims that the principal asymptotic class A_F equals the Gamma class associated to Euler's Gamma-function.
We illustrate in the case of ...

Added: September 1, 2018

Coates T., Corti A., Galkin S. et al., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2012. No. 1212.1722.

We consider mirror symmetry for Fano manifolds, and describe how one can recover the classification of 3-dimensional Fano manifolds from the study of their mirrors. We sketch a program to classify 4-dimensional Fano manifolds using these ideas. ...

Added: September 14, 2013

Arzhantsev I., Bragin S., Zaitseva Y., Communications in Contemporary Mathematics 2020 Vol. 22 No. 8 P. 1950064: 1

We study commutative associative polynomial operations A^n×A^n→A^n with unit on the affine space A^n over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. A classification of such operations is obtained up to dimension 3. Several series of operations are constructed in arbitrary dimension. Also we explore a connection between commutative algebraic monoids on affine spaces and additive actions on toric ...

Added: September 19, 2019

Galkin S., Golyshev V., Russian Mathematical Surveys 2006 Vol. 61 No. 1 P. 171–173

Added: September 14, 2013

Gusein-Zade S., Manuscripta Mathematica 2018 Vol. 155 No. 3-4 P. 335–353

For a germ of a quasihomogeneous function with an isolated critical point at the origin invariant with respect to an appropriate action of a finite abelian group, H. Fan, T. Jarvis, and Y. Ruan defined the so-called quantum cohomology group. It is considered as the main object of the quantum singularity theory (FJRW-theory). We define ...

Added: October 27, 2020

Ayzenberg A., Cherepanov V., / Cornell University. Series arXiv "math". 2019. No. 1905.04761.

Let the compact torus Tn−1 act on a smooth compact manifold X2n effectively with nonempty finite set of fixed points. We pose the question: what can be said about the orbit space X2n/Tn−1 if the action is cohomologically equivariantly formal (which essentially means that Hodd(X2n;Z)=0). It happens that homology of the orbit space can be arbitrary in degrees 3 and higher. For any finite ...

Added: October 23, 2019

Ilten N. O., Lewis J., Victor Przyjalkowski, Journal of Algebra 2013 Vol. 374 P. 104–121

We show that every Picard rank one smooth Fano threefold has a weak Landau–Ginzburg model coming from a toric degeneration. The fibers of these Landau–Ginzburg models can be compactified to K3 surfaces with Picard lattice of rank 19. We also show that any smooth Fano variety of arbitrary dimension which is a complete intersection of ...

Added: July 2, 2013

Bilich B., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2021. No. 2106.04884.

In 2021, Dzhunusov and Zaitseva classified two-dimensional normal affine commutative algebraic monoids. In this work, we extend this classification to noncommutative monoid structures on normal affine surfaces. We prove that two-dimensional algebraic monoids are toric. We also show how to find all monoid structures on a normal toric surface. Every such structure is induced by ...

Added: June 13, 2021

Feigin B. L., Finkelberg M. V., Rybnikov L. G. et al., Selecta Mathematica, New Series 2011 Vol. 17 No. 2 P. 337–361

Laumon moduli spaces are certain smooth closures of the moduli spaces of maps from the projective line to the flag variety of GLn. We calculate the equivariant cohomology rings of the Laumon moduli spaces in terms of Gelfand-Tsetlin subalgebra of U(gln), and formulate a conjectural answer for the small quantum cohomology rings in terms of ...

Added: October 9, 2012

Arzhantsev I., Zaidenberg M., International Mathematics Research Notices 2022 Vol. 2022 No. 11 P. 8162–8195

Given a toric affine algebraic variety X and a collection of one-parameter unipotent subgroups U_1,…,U_s of Aut(X), which are normalized by the torus acting on X, we show that the group G generated by U_1,…,U_s verifies the following alternative of Tits type: either G is a unipotent algebraic group or it contains a non-abelian free subgroup. We deduce that if G is 2-transitive on a G-orbit in X, then G contains a non-abelian ...

Added: January 31, 2021

Shakhmatov K., Математические заметки 2021 Т. 109 № 6 С. 929–937

An open translation-equivariant embedding of the affine space A^n into a complete nonprojective algebraic variety X is constructed for any n >= 3. The main tool is the theory of toric varieties. In the case n = 3, the orbit structure of the obtained action on the variety X is described. ...

Added: June 6, 2021

Galkin S., Mellit A., Smirnov M., International Mathematics Research Notices 2015 Vol. 2015 No. 18 P. 8847–8859

We show that the big quantum cohomology of the symplectic isotropic Grassmanian IG(2,6) is generically semisimple, whereas its small quantum cohomology is known to be non-semisimple. This gives yet another case where Dubrovin's conjecture holds and stresses the need to consider the big quantum cohomology in its formulation. ...

Added: October 20, 2014

Белев С. А., Tyurin N. A., Теоретическая и математическая физика 2013 Т. 175 № 2 С. 147–158

We prove the existence of a rank-one pseudotoric structure on an arbitrary smooth toric symplectic manifold. As a consequence, we propose a method for constructing Chekanov-type nonstandard Lagrangian tori on arbitrary toric manifolds. ...

Added: February 18, 2013

Feigin B. L., Finkelberg M. V., Rybnikov L. G. et al., Selecta Mathematica, New Series 2011 Vol. 17 No. 3 P. 573–607

Laumon moduli spaces are certain smooth closures of the moduli spaces of maps from the projective line to the flag variety of GLn. We construct the action of the Yangian of sln in the cohomology of Laumon spaces by certain natural correspondences. We construct the action of the affine Yangian (two-parametric deformation of the universal ...

Added: October 9, 2012

Galkin S., Mellit A., Smirnov M., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2014. No. 1405.3857.

We show that the big quantum cohomology of the symplectic isotropic Grassmanian IG(2,6) is generically semisimple, whereas its small quantum cohomology is known to be non-semisimple. This gives yet another case where Dubrovin's conjecture holds and stresses the need to consider the big quantum cohomology in its formulation. ...

Added: May 16, 2014

Galkin S., / Cornell University. Series math "arxiv.org". 2018. No. 1809.02737.

Given a singular variety I discuss the relations between quantum cohomology of its resolution and smoothing. In particular, I explain how toric degenerations helps with computing Gromov--Witten invariants, and the role of this story in Fanosearch programme. The challenge is to formulate enumerative symplectic geometry of complex 3-folds in a way suitable for extracting invariants ...

Added: September 25, 2018

Gorbounov V., Корфф К., Строппель К., Успехи математических наук 2020 Т. 75 № 5(455) С. 3–58

We survey a recent development which connects quantum integrable models with Schubert calculus for quiver varieties: there is a purely geometric construction of solutions to the Yang-Baxter equation and their associated Yang-Baxter algebras which play a central role in quantum integrable systems and exactly solvable lattice models in statistical physics. We will provide a simple ...

Added: September 9, 2020