The concept of "ugolovnoe prestuplenie" (criminal offence) in the penal drafts of Catherine II
The article considers the features of the presumption of knowledge of criminal law rules as a condition of guilt and responsibility for crimes in the sphere of economic activity. It argues conclusions on the ways to improve the organization of legal education of population, as well as the system of legal training of the staff engaged in economic structures and in respect of their penal control officers of the relevant legal institutions. It also justifies the relationship between the strengthen of the presumption of knowledge of criminal law in relation to these crimes with an increase in the effectiveness of criminal justice in the relevant field, and hence the efficiency of the economic activity.
Presumption of knowledge of law, crime, economic activity, legal education of population, legal training, criminal justice supervision, crimes in the sphere of economic activity, the order of publish of laws and their promulgation, commentary, Explanation, legal public education, legal studies, Legal institutions
The Commentary deals with the German legislation on the legal assistance in criminal matters as well as some other states.
The article analyzes the artificial and protected by the law component of the national wealth including social infrastructure, industrial, intellectual and ideological potential, as well as the mass of goods and personal property of the citizens. It pays the main attention to the issues of criminal law protection of social infrastructure, including the constitutional order, political and economic systems, health and education. It also provides us with the proposals on the improvement of the criminal law and their application.
The chapter is devoted to basic priniples of the Rssian criminal law. It is specifically mentioned the history of the principles and its current reflection in the Russian Criminal Code of 1996. The author discusses the structure of crime and the punishments inflicted upon its commission.
The article is dedicated of problems of criminal law regulation of securities market.The concept of criminal law mechanism its protection is offered.
The paper shows that the effectiveness of fighting crime could be considerably increased through supplementing the traditional law enforcement activities as exercised by the special authorities (internal affairs departments, prosecutor's offices, etc.) with the activities of state power bodies with general jurisdiction that would be specifically aimed at protecting legal order against crimes with the assistance of different civil society institutions and the community.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.