Does education or underlying human capital explain liberal economic attitudes?
Economics/EC. WP BRP. Высшая школа экономики , 2013. No. 40.
Polyachenko S. S., Nye J. V.
There is a worldwide tendency for more educated people to trust in markets, private business, and trade, and to distrust government regulation and public provision relative to the less educated even in countries where people generally favor regulation (Aghion, et al. 2010). Individual survey data drawn from the Russian RMLS indicate that for Russia, as for most of the world, respondents with higher levels of education are more likely to trust private businesses and privatization, to distrust government regulation, and to favor lesser provision of services by the State (vs. the private sector). This matches the macro survey findings of Aghion et al. (2010) for the transition economies and the work of Caplan (2001, 2002, 2007). However, it is not clear whether education is a causal factor in these preferences or whether education is proxying for different levels of cognitive ability, health, or other forms of human capital. We use individual height data as instruments for formal education to remove the contemporaneous effects of schooling itself on the education-trust link. We find that this IV estimation leaves us with clear and persistent links between education and market friendly attitudes in Russia. This human capital effect is also quite independent of the role of age in determining liberal attitudes and is not simply a cohort effect. This seems to conform to the worldwide observation that – whatever the independent changing institutions – greater health and cognitive ability seem to promote market liberal beliefs in and of themselves. In contrast, socially liberal attitudes are not correlated with education in the IV regressions.
The Effects of Historical Development on Contemporary Regional Education and Trust: Evidence from Russia
, , The Effects of Historical Development on Contemporary Regional Education and Trust: Evidence from Russia / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2015.
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It is now well established that highly developed countries tend to score well on measures of social capital and have higher levels of generalized trust. In turn, the willingness to trust has been shown to be correlated with various social and environmental factors (e.g. institutions, culture) on one hand, and accumulated human capital on the ...
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, , , The Determinants of the Divide in the Regional Spread in the Use of Online Channels for Consumer Retail Purchases / Высшая школа экономики. Series WP BRP "Science, Technology and Innovation". 2021. No. 119/STI/2021.
The paper discusses interregional differentiation in the distribution of electronic purchases among the population in Russia. The aim of the work is to find out what factors are primarily responsible for interregional gaps in the level of online channel use in consumer retail purchases. The study focuses on regional drivers and barriers for the spread ...
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, International Journal of Culture,Tourism and Hospitality Research 2013 Vol. 7 No. 1 P. 3-10
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