Nationalism in the USSR: A historical and comparative perspective
Высшая школа экономики , 2013. No. WP BRP 27/SOC/2013.
The late 1980s and early 1990s were characterized by the sudden rise of nationalist movements in almost all Soviet ethnic regions. It is argued that the rise of political nationalism since the late 1980s can be explained by development of cultural nationalism in the previous decades, as an unintended outcome of communist nationalities policy. Soviet political and cultural nationalism is studied in historical and comparative perspective. All ethnic regions are examined throughout entire history of the Soviet Union (49 regions, 1917-91), using the structural equation modeling approach. This paper aims to make at least three contributions in the field. Firstly, it is a methodological contribution for studying nationalism: a ‘quantification of history’ approach. Quantitative values are assigned to historical trends and events. Having constructed variables from historical data, I use conventional statistical methods like SEM. Secondly, this paper contributes to the theoretical debate about the role of cultural autonomy in multiethnic states. The results rethink the notion of ‘cultural autonomy’ as solution of interethnic conflict. Cultural nationalism matters, it indirectly reinforces political nationalism. In both cases concessions in the cultural domain has not stopped the growth of political nationalism in the late 1980-s. Finally, the paper statistically proves that the break between early Soviet and Stalinist nationalities policy explains the entire Soviet nationalities policy. In fact, the late Soviet nationalities policy was inherited from the Stalin’s rule period. This finding revealed in other studies now gets statistical evidence
, Nationalities Papers: The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity 2015 Vol. 43 No. 6 P. 866-885
The late 1980s and early 1990s were characterized by the sudden rise of nationalist movements in almost all Soviet ethnic regions. It is argued that the rise of political nationalism since the late 1980s can be explained by development of cultural nationalism in the previous decades, as an unintended outcome of communist nationalities policy. All ...
Added: June 11, 2015
, Вестник МГИМО Университета 2021 Vol. 14 No. 1 P. 48-93
Since their independence, Ukraine and Belarus have pursued relatively consistent but almost polar-opposite policies toward Russia. For the most part, the difference is explicable not as a product of differing material pressures and incentives (which do not, in fact, differ significantly), but as a consequence of differing popular and elite conceptions of Ukrainian and Belarusian national identities, ...
Added: November 4, 2023
, , , Социологическое обозрение 2018 Т. 17 № 2 С. 173-194
Football has become much more than a simple game over the past hundred years. Football has become a factor in global policy, affecting not only the minds and souls of hundreds of millions of fans, but also the political, economic, and social aspects of modern life. This interview with M. Prozumshchikov, the leading researcher of Russian ...
Added: July 3, 2018
, Свободная мысль 2015 № 4 С. 208-216
В рецензии осущеслён обзор элетронной публикации дневников А. Дмитриева - рабочего авиамоторного завода в г. Молотов. [О. Л. Лейбович, А. С. Кимерлинг и др. Дневник рабочего (III.1946 – XII.1955). Документальная публикация. Пермь: ПермГАНИ, 2014 (Электронный ресурс)] Особенности развития политических процессов в современной России способствуют поиску исторических и иных параллелей с периодом правления И. Сталина. Российская власть ...
Added: October 4, 2015
, , in : Eutropes: The Paradox of European Empire. Issue 7: Cahiers Parisiens/Parisian Notebooks.: P., Chicago : University of Chicago Center in Paris, 2014. Ch. 16. P. 359-384.
The late 1980s and early 1990s were characterized by the sudden rise of nationalist movements in almost all Soviet and Yugoslav ethnic regions. It is argued that the rise of political nationalism since the late 1980s can be explained by development of cultural nationalism in the previous decades, as an unintended outcome of communist nationalities ...
Added: February 25, 2015
, , , L., NY : Routledge, 2010
Russia’s Skinheads: exploring and rethinking subcultural lives provides a through examination of the phenomenon of skinheads, explaining its nature and its significance, and assessing how far Russian skinhead subculture is at the “lumpen” end of the extreme nationalist ideological spectrum. There are large numbers of skinheads in Russia, responsible for a significant number of xenophobic ...
Added: December 18, 2012
, Псковский регионологический журнал 2018 № 2(34) С. 16-29
In the article, the author makes an attempt to examine the phenomenon of nationalism through its discursive manifestation. The theoretical optics of the research is constructed on the basis of the ideas of Foucault and Barthes regarding the discourse and ideas of the constructivist approach with regard to the question of the origin of the ...
Added: December 7, 2019
, , Сибирский философский журнал 2015 Т. 13 № 4 С. 97-104
In the current study the authors examine the values of respondents from ethnically homogeneous and mixed families. Their analysis is based on the socio-psychological research conducted in the Republic of Khakassia and Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in 2008-2010. The authors reveal that value orientations of children from ethnically mixed families combine value rankings of both ...
Added: July 6, 2017
, Вестник российского корееведения 2010 № 2 С. 56-70
В статье анализируется эпоха освобождения Кореи (август 1945-август 1948 гг.) с точки зрения того, как видели и понимали задачи освобождения корейские националисты. На примере социально-политических взглядов Ё Ун Хёна (центрист) и Ким Гу (правый) показано концептуальное поле освобождения как определенной совокупности идей, отстаиваемой внешне всеми группами корейских националистов, но по-разному понимаемые ее смысл и способы ...
Added: December 5, 2012
, Ideology and Politics Journal 2013 Т. 2 № 4 С. 61-77
The article is dedicated to the new significance of the national issue as a challenge posed to the contemporary Russian liberalism. The purpose of the study is to transfer the clash of liberal and nationalist ideologies from mass media and blogs into the realm of academic conceptual analysis. In the first part of the article, ...
Added: April 6, 2014
Ethnicity and fertility of descendants of rural-to-urban migrants: the case of Daghestan (North Caucasus)
, , Journal of International Migration and Integration 2021 Vol. 1 No. 1 P. 1-21
This paper studies ethnic differences in the fertility of the descendants of migrants in a highly polyethnic region of Russia, Dagestan (North Caucasus). That region gives a rather rare example of an urban population whose majority is formed by migrants and their second- and third-generation descendants of several ethnicities which differ in fertility in their ...
Added: August 3, 2021
Исследования общественного мнения о мигрантах в современной России: «предложение» нациестроительства или «спрос» на гордость страной?
, Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены 2017 № 1 С. 47-60
Сравнивается эвристический потенциал двух контекстов для эмпирических исследований и теоретического анализа общественного мнения о мигрантах в современной России. Отмечается, что в российских исследованиях миграций, как и в европейских, преобладает рассмотрение этой темы в контексте нациестроительства (nationbuilding), вследствие чего изучение представлений о мигрантах часто сводится к изучению отношения к мигрантам как более или менее толерантного. В ...
Added: March 10, 2017
, Europe-Asia Studies 2015 Vol. 67 No. 2 P. 306-326
The post-Soviet period in Russia has seen the emergence of strong identities shaped around ethnicity issues. The current Putin presidency is marked by a political concern for the 'national question' with strong traditionalist connotations. State dominated politics of identity promoting an encompassing Russian (rossiyskaya) identity aim to become a game changer in nation-building. This agenda ...
Added: February 29, 2016
, Мониторинг общественного мнения: Экономические и социальные перемены 2017 № 4 С. 165-184
The paper presents the results of a study based on the Big Data paradigm analysis. The study aims at defining the features of the ethnic discourse in the Russian-speaking social media and the place of the North Caucasus ethnicities in this discourse. The informational basis for the study is 2,659,849 social media publications containing ethnonyms. ...
Added: August 21, 2017
Weber’s Nationalism vs. Weberian Methodological Individualism: Implications for Contemporary Social Theory
, Changing Societies and Personalities 2019 Vol. 3 No. 2 P. 124-138
Most contemporary sociologists’ aversion towards nationalism contrasts with the alleged nationalist views of one of the key classics of sociology, Max Weber. The considerable accumulated scholarship on the issue presents a unified belief that Weber was indeed a nationalist yet varies considerably in the significance attributed to the issue. Most authors entrench Weber’s nationalism within biographical studies of Weber’s political views ...
Added: July 10, 2019
, Общественные науки и современность 2016 № 1 С. 129-140
В статье приведен анализ современной динамики национализма как политической идеологии и феномена массового сознания. Отмечается, что вопреки ожиданиям теоретиков глобализация и модернизация не привели к постепенному исчезновению национализма. Обосновывается тезис о том, что за наблюдаемым в настоящее время обострением националистической проблематики в мировой повестке дня стоит не общий рост национализма, а его качественное изменение: из ...
Added: February 12, 2016
, , Социологические исследования 2013 № 12 С. 26-34
Understanding of ethnicity as socially designed marker of distinctions, which organizes and explains character of social interactions is presented in the article. Constructing assumes process of a categorization and attributing of senses to observable signs, their fixing as an ethnicity. At the same time, the theoretical concept of ethnicity isn't strictly built. There are difficulties ...
Added: February 4, 2014
, , Bulletin of People-Environment Studies 2008 Vol. 34 P. 35-39
Added: March 12, 2019
, , , Journal of Baltic Studies 2014 Vol. 45 No. 2 P. 143-168
Using original and secondary survey data, the authors study the interaction of ethnic and civic factors that Lithuanians consider salient to their national identity. Factor analysis of the original survey data indicates that there are at least three coherent versions of Lithuanian national identity adhered to by individuals; two of these are ethnic in nature, ...
Added: January 18, 2014
, , et al., Kaunas : Vytautas Magnus University Press, 2013
This monograph was developed as part of a larger research project entitled Peculiarities of National Identity of Lithuania and Belarus in the Context of European Integration, the aim of which was to conduct a comparative analysis of national identity in these two proximate but very different nation-states. The work was carried out by researchers at ...
Added: November 13, 2013
, , Демографическое обозрение 2021 Т. 8 № 2 С. 95-127
The paper studies the dynamics of age at first marriage for indigenous peoples of the North Caucasus from the second half of the 20th through the early 21st century. We focus on interethnic differences in age at first marriage, attempting to assess them at different stages of the social modernization which took place in the ...
Added: August 3, 2021
, Научный эксперт 2011 № 12 С. 62-71
Опираясь на отечественный и зарубежный опыт, автор пытается показать влияние социальной политики советского периода на становление и развитие социального государства на разных его этапах в ведущих странах Запада, а также последствия разрушения СССР для современного состояния и перспектив социального государства в мире. ...
Added: March 6, 2013
, Studia Politica 2020 Vol. 20 No. 2 P. 157-202
This article is dedicated to examining the changes in the political attitudes related to national populism in the European public opinion. The research hypothesis is that the “revival of nationalism” over the last years is due to the rise not in nationalist attitudes as such but in the strength of their intercorrelations with the political ...
Added: December 21, 2020
, , Laboratorium: Russian Review of Social Research 2010 Vol. 2 No. 2 P. 5-12
Introduction to a thematic issue entitled "Russia/former USSR/Latin America: Studies in Post-Authoritarian Transformation." Because of language barriers and a lack of institutionalized ties, the impressive literature on democratization in each of these areas is virtually unknown to authors from the other region. The striking similarities between the former Soviet Union and Latin America are best ...
Added: January 25, 2013