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Tag "IQ"

Not Getting Lost in Space: Why It’s Important to Learn to Detect Signals from Neutron Stars

Not Getting Lost in Space: Why It’s Important to Learn to Detect Signals from Neutron Stars
The big scanning antenna at the Pushchino Radio Astronomy Observatory logs almost 90 GB of data every day. The data are usually processed by the astronomers manually. Vladimir Samodurov and Alexander Gorbunov, researchers at the HSE Faculty of Business and Management, decided to relieve the scholars from this hard work and give this job to neural networks. They shared the results of their work in the paper ‘Perspectives of intellectual processing of large volumes of astronomical data using neural networks’.

Scientists Teach the Neural Network to Carry Out Video Facial Recognition — Using a Single Photo

Researchers at the Higher School of Economics have proposed a new method of recognizing people on video with the help of a deep neural network. The approach does not require a large number of photographs and it has a significantly higher recognition accuracy compared to already existing methods — even if only one photo of a person is available. The results of the work have been published in the articles ‘Fuzzy Analysis and Deep Convolution Neural Networks in Still-to-Video Recognition’.

When There Is No One Around: How Solitude Differs from Loneliness

When There Is No One Around: How Solitude Differs from Loneliness
According to the researchers of the HSE International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, personality development is associated with positive acceptance of solitude. Their study is based on a survey of 204 respondents (41 men and 163 women), mostly students, aged 16 to 25.

Faked to Order: How Soviet Poets and Translators Created Fakelore

Faked to Order: How Soviet Poets and Translators Created Fakelore
In 1937, an editorial team set up by the Pravdanewspaper produced the Tvorchestvo narodov SSSR [Works of the People of the USSR] poetry anthology, of which more than half were Russian translations of poems written in Armenian, Ukrainian, Kazakh and other languages spoken in different parts of the USSR. Designed to showcase cultural diversity, the anthology was in fact an example of colonial homogenisation. Translators and literary workers had tweaked the originals to suit metropolitan standards and their own ideals of good poetry, according to the Soviet Folklore as Translation Project by Elena Zemskova, Associate Professor of the HSE School of Philology.

Not All Diversity Is Equally Beneficial

HSE experts have determined that cultural diversity is beneficial for team performance in eSports, while language and experience diversity negatively affect performance. These results might be of interest to companies of similar industries aiming to maximize profits. The study, entitled ‘Is Diversity Good or Bad? Evidence from eSports Teams Analysis,’ was published in the journal Applied Economics.

STEMatisation of Women: How Gender Stereotypes Can Prevent Women from Having Careers in Knowledge-intensive Industries

STEMatisation of Women: How Gender Stereotypes Can Prevent Women from Having Careers in Knowledge-intensive Industries
Having studied gender imbalances in disciplines such as science, technology, engineering and mathematics, HSE sociologists propose steps to support women in choosing STEM and staying in this field.

Hard yet Profitable: What Teachers Think about the Performance-based Contracts

Hard yet Profitable: What Teachers Think about the Performance-based Contracts
Researchers from the HSE Institute of Education surveyed teachers in vocational secondary schools in the Moscow Region, and compared the new advantages and disadvantages brought by the new conditions in their lives.

Crime Statistics: Downward Trend

In 2017, a downward trend was observed in reported crime, according to HSE's Demoscope Weekly, citing Rosstat. Last year, 2.16 million crimes were reported, which is 4.7% less than in 2016 and the lowest recorded statistic since 1992.  

Infantilism as a Norm

Views on human age need to be revisited. The value of adulthood as a period of certainty has declined for many, which means that this period is being delayed. The processes of personality development vary, and adults are preserving signs of infantilism.

Dust Cloud around the Moon

HSE researchers, together with colleagues from Space Research Institute of RAS, MIPT, and the University of Colorado, ventured to find out where the plasma-dust cloud around the Moon comes from. To do this, they compared theoretical calculations with experimental data and theorized that this cloud likely consists of matter that rose from the Moon’s surface as a result of meteoroid collisions.