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Tag "IQ"

Coronavirus Was Brought into Russia at Least 67 Times

Coronavirus Was Brought into Russia at Least 67 Times
Many people in Russia believe that they had COVID-19 as early as December 2019 or January 2020. Is it possible to find out when the epidemic really started in Russia and where it came from? Bioinformatics provides an answer.

Mathematics of Natural Choices: The Borda Count and Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives

Mathematics of Natural Choices: The Borda Count and Independence of Irrelevant Alternatives
Eric Maskin spoke at a recent research seminar held by the Centre in which he proposed a modified independence of irrelevant alternatives condition (IIA) and demonstrated that the voting rule satisfies modified IIA, Arrow’s other conditions, and May’s axioms if and only if it is the Borda count, i.e., rank-order voting. Fuad Aleskerov discussed how this affected the collective choice theory, elaborating on various choice models, starting from the Condorcet paradox.

Alcoholism Treatment Is Potentially Effective against COVID-19

Alcoholism Treatment Is Potentially Effective against COVID-19
A team of chemists from HSE University and the Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry used molecular modelling to find out that two medications that have been known for a long time can be used to fight SARS-CoV-2. One of them is used to treat alcohol addiction, and the other is for cancer.

A Strong-Willed Population: How Russians’ Personal Qualities Influence Their Income Level

A Strong-Willed Population: How Russians’ Personal Qualities Influence Their Income Level
Russians who are open to new experience, conscientious, and emotionally stable have better chances of achieving professional and financial success. This is the finding of a study conducted by HSE researchers that analyzed the impact of personal qualities on the behavior of Russian citizens of various social and economic groups. The study was based on a vast range of data collected from 2000 to 2016.

Einstein in Prague: The Genius, The City, and The Time

Einstein in Prague: The Genius, The City, and The Time
Michael Gordin, Princeton University Professor and Poletayev Institute for Theoretical and Historical Studies in the Humanities Chief Research Fellow, talks about his latest book, taking Einstein’s brief period as a professor at the German Charles-Ferdinand-University in Prague (April 1911-July 1912) as a point of departure to discuss Prague, Bohemia, Habsburg intellectual life, and of course Einstein and his work before World War I and then traces of Bohemia in his later life.

STEM Not for Women? How Gender Stereotypes Stop Women from Becoming Programmers and Engineers

STEM Not for Women? How Gender Stereotypes Stop Women from Becoming Programmers and Engineers
Young women are often discouraged from careers in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics), resulting in fewer young engineers and programmers entering the labour market. A study by Natalia Maloshonok and Irina Shcheglova examines how and why gender stereotypes can disempower female students, leading to poor academic performance and high dropout rates.

Slut-Shaming by Lend-Lease

Slut-Shaming by Lend-Lease
Russian women who associated with Soviet allies during World War II were subjected to unusually harsh persecution. This was especially true in the north of the country that saw the arrival of thousands of U.S. and British sailors. For having contact with these foreigners, Soviet women received the same severe punishment meted out to Nazi collaborators: charges of treason and 10 years in a forced labour camp. HSE Associate Professor Liudmila Novikova studied how and why this policy shaped their destinies.

Trust in Mask: How COVID-19 Has Changed the Attitude of Russians to Each Other

Trust in Mask: How COVID-19 Has Changed the Attitude of Russians to Each Other
As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, when the whole country ended up in self-isolation, some people have to ask for support, others prepare themselves in readiness to provide it. Have Russians felt more cautious in recent months, or do people who have been forced to stay at home still remember how to trust and help? In order to find the answers to these questions, we can analyse the data from a new all-Russian survey conducted by HSE Centre for Studies of Civil Society and Non-Profit Sector.

Authorship Proven by Mathematics

AND QUIET FLOWS THE DON, DIRECTED BY S. GERASIMOV, 1957
Marking Mikhail Sholokhov's 115th anniversary (1905-1984), linguists Boris Orekhov of the HSE and Natalya Velikanova of the Moscow State University confirmed his authorship of the epic novel about the Don Cossacks. The researchers were able to attribute the novel using the text distance measure proposed by John Burrows. Termed Burrows' Delta, it provides a simple and reliable method of attributing or confirming the authorship of various texts. 

Museums Learn to Cope with Quarantine

Museums Learn to Cope with Quarantine
Approximately six months before the introduction of restrictive measures, the Laboratory of Cultural Economics at the St. Petersburg campus of HSE began a study of how Russian and foreign museums conduct their online educational activities. The researchers released their initial findings in late January 2020, having managed to “take the temperature” of this market before the pandemic hit. Professor Valery Gordin and Research Associate Irina Sizova explain what it was like before the coronavirus crisis and how it will look afterwards.