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Tag "IQ"

State Capacity: How It Is Measured and Compared

‘State capacity’ refers to a state’s ability to make and effectively implement decisions in domestic and foreign policy. In a study, HSE University political scientists evaluated the state capacity of 142 countries. Based on their findings, the researchers created and trialed a state capacity index, identified eight models of state capacity, and compiled a general international ranking.

Introduction to Daurian Gothic: What It Is and How It Has Emerged in Transbaikalia

Introduction to Daurian Gothic: What It Is and How It Has Emerged in Transbaikalia
Medieval horror, vampires, sorcerers, mysterious monks and the rising dead, alongside real historical figures and stories about the Russian Civil War wrapped in the aura of mysticism – this is perhaps the shortest formula for Daurian Gothic. Alexei Mikhalev, Doctor of Political Science, discusses this phenomenon and its evolution.

HSE Scholars Propose New Method for Measuring Individual Well-being

HSE Scholars Propose New Method for Measuring Individual Well-being
Their initial tests were carried out with football fans, by measuring their emotional state. It turned out that, on average, uncertainty about a match result can increase the probability of unhappiness by 13.6%. The results of this study were published in the Journal of Happiness Studies.

When the Milk Canister Went Out of Style

When the Milk Canister Went Out of Style
The cold war not only influenced the ideology and military sector of the Soviet Union, but served as an engine that jumpstarted its consumer economy — in particular, the food industry. In an article published in the journal Russian History, HSE historian Elena Kochetkova traces the development of the Soviet dairy industry and the production of dairy packaging in the post-war period. Her article recounts how milk became a staple of state propaganda and how Tetra Pak packaging came to be used in the USSR.

DNA Secondary Structures Lead to Gene Mutations that Increase the Risk of Cancer

DNA Secondary Structures Lead to Gene Mutations that Increase the Risk of Cancer
Researchers have used machine learning to discover that the two most widespread DNA structures — stem-loops and quadruplexes — cause genome mutations that lead to cancer. The results of the study were published in BMC Cancer.

Personality at Work

Personality at Work
The way one thinks, feels and acts in certain circumstances can determine career opportunities in terms of employment and pay. For the first time in Russia, Ksenia Rozhkova has examined the effect of personality characteristics on employment.

Intensive Mothering: What It Looks Like and What It Means for Children

Intensive Mothering: What It Looks Like and What It Means for Children
A mother’s intense involvement in her children’s lives is perceived as a social norm by many. However, intensive mothering is not always a voluntary choice. School and broader society often pressurise women into making this decision. Whether or not this parental practice always benefits children remains a question. The following is a brief account of related issues based on a new paper by Olga Isupova and other research into this field.

FAQ: Bilingualism

FAQ: Bilingualism
The subject of bilingualism, with its attendant pros and cons, has been surrounded by myths. This Card File is based on a series of lectures by Irina Dubinina, Associate Professor at Brandeis University, discussing the phenomenon of bilingualism, its impact on the human brain, and whether it is possible to raise a bilingual child in the Russian context.

Researchers Propose New Approach to Post-Stroke Rehabilitation

Researchers Propose New Approach to Post-Stroke Rehabilitation
The existing approach to brain stimulation for rehabilitation after a stroke does not take into account the diversity of lesions and the individual characteristics of patients’ brains. This was the conclusion made by researchers of the Higher School of Economics and the Max Planck Institute of Cognitive Sciences in their article, ‘Predicting the Response to Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation in Stroke’.

Researchers Teach Neural Networks to Recognize Similar Objects on Videos without Accuracy Degradation

Researchers Teach Neural Networks to Recognize Similar Objects on Videos without Accuracy Degradation
Andrey Savchenko, Professor at HSE University, has developed a method that can help to enhance image identification on videos. In his project, a network was taught by a new algorithm and can now make decisions on image recognition and classification 10 times faster than before.