### Book chapter

## p-elementary subgroups of the Cremona group of rank 3

For the subgroups of the Cremona group $\mathrm{Cr}_3(\mathbb C)$ having the form $(\boldsymbol{\mu}_p)^s$, where $p$ is prime, we obtain an upper bound for $s$. Our bound is sharp if $p\ge 17$.

### In book

In this article, the authors study the action of the additive group C on affine cones over projective varieties. They show that such actions always exist for the cones over del Pezzo surfaces of degree d≥4 which are canonically embedded, and give relations between the actions and existence of polar cylinders. The case of del Pezzo surfaces of degree 3 is still open; for example, it is not known if the variety of the equation w3+x3+y3+z3=0 in C4 admits an action of the additive group C.

We classify up to conjugacy the subgroups of certain types in the full, in the affine, and in the special affine Cremona groups. We prove that the normalizers of these subgroups are algebraic. As an application, we obtain new results in the Linearization Problem generalizing to disconnected groups Bialynicki-Birula's results of 1966-67. We prove ``fusion theorems'' for n-dimensional tori in the affine and in the special affine Cremona groups of rank n. In the final section we introduce and discuss the notions of Jordan decomposition and torsion prime numbers for the Cremona groups.

The goal of these notes is to show that the classification problem of algebraically unbiased system of projectors has an interpretation in symplectic geometry. This leads us to a description of the moduli space of algebraically unbiased bases as critical points of a potential functions, which is a Laurent polynomial in suitable coordinates. The Newton polytope of the Laurent polynomial is the classical Birkhoff polytope, the set of double stochastic matrices. Mirror symmetry interprets the polynomial as a Landau-Ginzburg potential for corresponding Fano variety and relates the symplectic geometry of the variety with systems of unbiased projectors

We classify up to conjugacy the subgroups of certain types in the full, affine, and special affine Cremona groups.
We prove that the normalizers of these subgroups are algebraic. As an application, we obtain new results in the linearization problem by generalizing Bia{\l}ynicki-Birula's results of 1966--67 to disconnected groups.
We prove fusion theorems for *n-*dimensional tori in the affine and in special affine Cremona groups of rank *n* and introduce and discuss the notions of Jordan decomposition and torsion prime numbers for the Cremona groups.

**Cremona Groups and the Icosahedron** focuses on the Cremona groups of ranks 2 and 3 and describes the beautiful appearances of the icosahedral group A5 in them. The book surveys known facts about surfaces with an action of A5, explores A5-equivariant geometry of the quintic del Pezzo threefold *V*5, and gives a proof of its A5-birational rigidity.

The authors explicitly describe many interesting A5-invariant subvarieties of *V*5, including A5-orbits, low-degree curves, invariant anticanonical *K*3 surfaces, and a mildly singular surface of general type that is a degree five cover of the diagonal Clebsch cubic surface. They also present two birational selfmaps of *V*5 that commute with A5-action and use them to determine the whole group of A5-birational automorphisms. As a result of this study, they produce three non-conjugate icosahedral subgroups in the Cremona group of rank 3, one of them arising from the threefold *V*5.

This book presents up-to-date tools for studying birational geometry of higher-dimensional varieties. In particular, it provides readers with a deep understanding of the biregular and birational geometry of *V*5.