Современное европейское кино и идея культуры («прошлого»)
The problem of connection of such notions as “European”, “Culture” and “Past” is examined in this paper in reference to European cinema of the last 10—15 years. The author analyses some cinematographic phenomena which correlate with the notion “European” and which are constructed through idea of “culture” and investigate the problem of culture as central in their iconography and language. These are the Art0Cinema as a part of “the great European project of culture” producing “high” patterns of intellectual films; the European cinema of the mid0nineties, which created an idealized discours of “Beautiful Europe” through deliberate work with cliche; the PanEuropean cinema of the beginning of the XXI century which represents European identity and everyday culture in nostalgic narratives of “heritage cinema”. The research demonstrates that in every model of European cinema
the notion of “Past” is connected with the notion of “Culture” and is used for constructing an idea of contemporary life.