The article focuses on the aspectual verbal form of performative verbs 'swear' and 'promise' in the proposition of commissive utterances. The author emphasises the aspectual verbal forms relating to three temporal perspectives: present, future and past. The author also highlights the frequency and features of temporal perspectives in the proposition of verbs 'swear' and 'promise'.
The question of the predicate nature in the judgment from the logical-linguistic viewpoint has been dealt with in the investigations of many linguists. Although a number of issues have been analyzed and discussed much, there is no common consideration and no accurate classification of predicate types yet.
This paper is an attempt to establish predicate nature and predicate classification and its role in the modus structure of the sentence. To understand the predicate nature better it should be considered a compound sentence, which manifests itself in its division into modus and dictum. This results in a new prospect of reconsideration of the cognitive, semantic, and syntactic aspects of the compound sentence.