Построение новой системы юридических лиц в России: основные подходы
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe seven case studies of university-industry cooperative partnerships at Nizhny Novgorod Architecture and Civil Engineering State University in Russia. It examines the relationship between green technology and innovation in order to explore how green technologies are developed into successful eco-innovations following the liberalisation policy which started in the 1990s in the Russian research and development (R&D) sector.
Design/methodology/approach – The research adopts a case-study approach and conducts cross-case comparative analyses in order to develop insights into the evolution of green technology projects in what was formerly a closed area (Gorky city) prior to the market reforms.
Findings – The technical empirical data included in the cases illustrate how eco-innovations can arise incrementally from highly structured technical problem spaces, in contradiction with previously published literature which has tended to treat them as more creative and radical innovations arising from the design process. The paper proposes an emergent tentative taxonomy of eco-innovations based on the findings of cross-case analysis. Finally, the paper suggests a need to develop the aptitude of the various actors involved in such projects in order to successfully bring them to market.
Research limitations/implications – While the findings are not necessarily generalisable to other regions, they suggest that the Russian context may require a more sophisticated, multi-level analysis of the organisation and management of international manufacturing technology collaborations.
Originality/value – The paper presents seven original case studies of green R&D and describes an emergent taxonomy of eco-innovations.
In recent years, innovation management has shown to be a very important topic for academics and professionals. However, the emphasis has mostly been on the upstream activities of the innovation management process and specifically about how to obtain as well as to integrate new sources of innovation beyond the traditional and internal R&D function. Conversely, the downstream activities of the innovation process, specifically marketing and commercialization, have attracted little research. But the situation is changing now due to governments and companies that have realized that in order for an innovation to be successful, it is not enough to have good new ideas: it must foremost be adopted by the market. As a consequence, there is currently a shift in priorities and a renewed interest in the marketing of innovation and especially in the adoption of original products or services, because one important function of marketing is to contribute to the adoption of innovative solutions by potential customers. This book aims to contribute to this advancement and to provide fresh conceptual insights and thinking about the manners to stimulate and to facilitate the adoption of every kind of innovation. This will be managed by a very diverse contributions exploring the role and the balancing of internal and external stakeholders in the marketing of innovation.
The article discusses prospects of future developments in the field of Russian investment law. The author analyses new laws «On investment partnerships» and «On usiness partnerships», as well as certain draft laws. The author also deals with the perspectives of legal regulation of public-private partnerships as part of investment law.
The authors explore attempts of the Russian authorities on modernisation in three related areas: technological, economic and political. Mechanisms for technological modernisation and political system reforms are analyzed. The paper also studies the role of partnerships with international organizations in facilitation of the modernisation processes.