Конституционный кризис в контексте политической системы России в конце ХХ века
The article reviews corporate real estate management problems during the transitional period of the Russian society between 1991 and the present time. There are interconnected processes of forming and developing the market legislative base for a real estate market, corporative structures, and real estate management. It illustrates the strategic and operational interaction between the corporation management system and its real estate subsystem, and the functions of the corporate real estate department and managers in the top management of corporations, showing the importance of good quality information about real estate assets. Imbalance between the three results in serious problems and these have been a feature of the corporative development during this period.
Autocracies pose a puzzle for students of constitutional politics. While it is tempting to brush constitutions aside as a sham, this chapter draws upon insights from various regions in the world to analyze the role of Belarus’ basic law beyond its failure to limit the government. Due to its information-related properties it contains a political vision and defines the nature of the political community, thus striving to shape the identity of its members. Referenda as the only means to adopt amendments attest to the lasting Soviet legacy and the populist nature of the regime. The de jure and de facto dominance of the presidency in the last two decades has entrenched the state’s discursive hegemony in the public sphere, and the rule-of-law rhetoric functions as a major claim to legitimacy.
Over the years, Belarus has often faced difficult political and economic problems. With Russian or Western help, the Belarusian authorities have always managed to find a way out. The large scale of the structural economic crisis that engulfed Belarus in February 2011 has destabilized the political situation. The author estimates the political and economic consequences of the crisis in Belarus, and the possible role of external factors in solving the problem.
In Munich, a referendum on a bid for the 2022 Winter Olympics was held in November 2013 and failed. This study analyzes the determinants of the percent of favorable votes using secondary data from all 52 communities involved in the referendum. The evidence suggests that potential host communities tended to have larger vote shares in favor of putting in a bid as did communities with higher rates of unemployment. In communities with a high share of votes for the Green and the Leftist party in the federal state elections, the percent of favorable votes for the Olympic bid was significantly lower. Moreover, the negative effect of the number of hotel beds per capita suggests that voters were concerned with crowding-out of regular tourists during the Olympics. Local politicians and bidding committees could use this information to better understand the local population and to improve their support for hosting Olympic Games. © 2015 West Virginia University.