Загадки Мстиславовой грамоты
There are potentialities of using of M.A. Usmanov’s methods (developed for research of official acts of the the Golden Horde and its successors) conformably to study of legal acts of Central Asian khanates of 16th – beginning of 20th cc. are examined in this article. Author analyzes historiography of study of Central Asian legal acts, reveals several mistakes made by previous scholars, clarifies opportunities of applying of M.A. Usmanov’s methods to meet lacks and remove stereotypes about law of Central Asian khanates which were made before. Using of M.A. Usmanov’s methods, in particular, allows us to observe the succession of legal development of late medieval Central Asian khanates from the Mongol Empire, Golden Horde and other imperial states of Chinggisids, reveal co-relation of Islamic and Chinggisid (“khans”) law in these states, saving in it of Mongolian imperial legal institutions, principles and regulations.
This issue of the Montfocon series is a collection of studies on Greek, Latin, Slavic and - partly - Eastern manuscripts of the 8th - 20th centuries, and Greek and Russian documents of the 18-20 centuries. The published materials contain new results of studying of a huge range of manuscripts and documents of Russian and European repositories.
In the article makes analysis of the negotiations which preceded the conclusion of the Polish-Soviet Pact of non-aggression in 1932. The study is based on the sources that input firstly on scientific field. Author contradicted the prevailing in the scientific literature opinion that by the Soviet initiative negotiations was resumed in 1930. The article discusses the influence on the negotiation process of third countries. Agreement was more a result of changes in the political situation in the world, rather than just an expression of good will. It was possible only because of the weakening of Poland's position in Europe. Politics of Poland and the Soviet Union were equally not inclined to see in Pact real guarantees and commitments, but saw it as an opportunity to normalize relations, as well as demonstrations to the third countries.