Социально-статистические факты: познание преступления и преступности
The investigating judge in the criminal court proceedings in Russia: Pros and Cons In the context of the discussion in the legal spheres, the paper describes the arguments «for» and «against» the imposition of Institute of specialized investigative judges, which designed to implement an operational judicial control over the legality and validity of the use of coercive measures, to the Russian Law of criminal procedure.
Process mining makes it possible to solve a task of finding and analyzing deviations in the process. System event logs record information about real process behavior. Weaknesses and errors of a work-flow can be found during the analysis of logs. This is especially important in areas associated with significant responsibility and risk. In this paper the focus is on the criminal procedure analysis via process mining methods. A model of this process allows for flexibility only in a strictly regulated framework. However, in practice undesired deviations appear and, therefore, need to be detected and prevented. We adopted conformance checking techniques to determine the anomaly of the trace, taking into account the specifics of the process. We also did clustering of anomaly cases to reveal behavior patterns. They will be helpful for identification of potential causes of such anomalies.
The present data book is another one in the series of publications, dedicated to different aspects of scientific development in the Russian Federation. It begins with tables, where together with the main science and technology indicators there are data concerning the main innovative activities. The publication presents statistics on R&D organisations, R&D personnel and funding as well as its material and technical facilities. In some sections you may find information about intellectual property, technology commercialisation and usage, international comparisons data.
The data book includes the information of the Federal State Statistics Service, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, the Federal Service for Intellectual Property, the CIS Interstate Statistical Committee, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the European Commission, Eurostat, UNESCO, the World Intellectual Property Organisation, as well as results of methodological and analytical studies conducted by HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge.
Recently there have been widely spread models (classifications) of educational institutions (schools) based upon regularly collected statistical data and a presupposition that all the standard indices incorporated in those models have the same meanings concerning to every possible school. The article questions this presupposition.
The practice of bail as a preventive measure in the criminal process, a long time and is very common in developed countries, the Anglo-Saxon and Continental systems of law. That said, unfortunately, can not say in relation to criminal proceedings in Russia, where the collateral is rarely used. And, judging by the genesis of the institute preventive measures, the trend is clearly manifested itself, and when the mortgage was assigned to the competence of a purely investigative bodies, and when to apply it the legislator has introduced a procedure of judicial authorization