Кодификация экологического законодательства: теория и практика
This article is devoted to the Digest of the Laws of the Russian Empire – an embodiment of the operative legal system in late imperial Russia. Even though the Digest contained the law in force, and thus should be studied as a crucial source on Russian (legal) history, its meaning has been often overlooked. The reason for that is a remarkable difference between the original texts of laws adopted by the legislator, and their published form in the Digest. This difference came from the necessary editing procedures when every new piece of legislation was included in the existing system of the Digest. This strange feature of legal procedure when two different versions of a particular law – the original one and the one codified in the Digest – both remained in force should be considered as a part of official autocratic legality in late imperial Russia. Even though it may seem inefficient and irrational, the practice of obligatory codification of laws in the Digest existed for a rather long time – from 1835 until 1917. My research aims to find possible explanations for the Digest’s prolonged existence in the context of political and legal culture of late imperial Russia. What did Russian ‘official legality’ actually mean on the levels of theory and action?
The complex approach to the decision of a problem of systematization of information resources for education sphere is offered. The approach assumes creation of the multilevel national network infrastructure forming space for interaction of all participants of processes for creation, distribution and application of information resources. The generalized scheme of such infrastructure is developed, its structure and construction principles are defined. Models of the metadates information resources for an education sphere of Russia and open freely extended tool means supporting them are described.