With the adoption of Part IV of the Civil Code of Russian Federation significantly changed the use of intellectual property as part of a complex object. The paper studies the complex object of intellectual property rights. In the absence of specific studies, complex object of intellectual property rights is reviewed for example theaters performances. Objective: To identify the preconditions consolidation in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation of a complex object, fully explore the complex object through the prism of theaters performances, and to identify the distinctive features of the basic characteristics of a complex object. Methods: The methodological basis for the study account for comparative-historical, analytical and systematic methods. Results: The article explains that a significant influence on the formation of the modern design of a complex object has admitted Soviet legislation the possibility of recognition of authorship for legal entities. Negatively assessed elected legislator domestic approach to form an exhaustive list of types of complex object in the absence of a definition and unambiguous signs of a complex object. The author proves the necessity of a consistent regulation of complex object as a whole and theaters presentation particularly in the Civil Code of the Russian Federation. Conclusions: The special treatment of a complex object introduced to the Civil Code of the Russian Federation to solve the issue of the relationship between the organizer and the rights of the original authors. The basic characteristic of a complex object should be considered as its internal structure: there are several results of intellectual activity that constitute a whole. Second in order of importance is the organizer of the activity, from which, on the one hand, the initiative is based on the creation of a complex object, on the other hand, liability and financial risks. The author states that for theaters as a kind of representation of a complex object is characterized by a single creative idea. A model that allows to enforce the balance of interests of the organizer and director-choreographer theaters performances.