A System for Knowledge Discovery in Big Dynamical Text Collections
Software system Cordiet-FCA is presented, which is designed for knowledge discovery in big dynamic data collections, including texts in natural language. Cordiet-FCA allows one to compose ontology-controlled queries and outputs concept lattice, implication bases, association rules, and other useful concept-based artifacts. Efficient algorithms for data preprocessing, text processing, and visualization of results are discussed. Examples of applying the system to problems of medical diagnostics, criminal investigations are considered.
Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) is a mathematically well-founded theory aimed at data analysis and classication, introduced and detailed in the book of Bernhard Ganter and Rudolf Wille, \Formal Concept Analysis", Springer 1999. The area came into being in the early 1980s and has since then spawned over 10000 scientic publications and a variety of practically deployed tools. FCA allows one to build from a data table with objects in rows and attributes in columns a taxonomic data structure called concept lattice, which can be used for many purposes, especially for Knowledge Discovery and Information Retrieval. The \Formal Concept Analysis Meets Information Retrieval" (FCAIR) workshop collocated with the 35th European Conference on Information Retrieval (ECIR 2013) was intended, on the one hand, to attract researchers from FCA community to a broad discussion of FCA-based research on information retrieval, and, on the other hand, to promote ideas, models, and methods of FCA in the community of Information Retrieval. This volume contains 11 contributions to FCAIR workshop (including 3 abstracts for invited talks and tutorial) held in Moscow, on March 24, 2013. All submissions were assessed by at least two reviewers from the program committee of the workshop to which we express our gratitude. We would also like to thank the co-organizers and sponsors of the FCAIR workshop: Russian Foundation for Basic Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, and Yandex.
Proceeding of the 15th International Conference on Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, Applications , AIMSA 2012, Varna, Bulgaria, September 12-15, 2012.
This paper is an overview of the current issues and tendencies in Computational linguistics. The overview is based on the materials of the conference on computational linguistics COLING’2012. The modern approaches to the traditional NLP domains such as pos-tagging, syntactic parsing, machine translation are discussed. The highlights of automated information extraction, such as fact extraction, opinion mining are also in focus. The main tendency of modern technologies in Computational linguistics is to accumulate the higher level of linguistic analysis (discourse analysis, cognitive modeling) in the models and to combine machine learning technologies with the algorithmic methods on the basis of deep expert linguistic knowledge.
Compared with the area of spatial relations force interactions haven’t been in the limelight of attention of ontologists working on natural language processing. This article gives an example of text meaning representation based on the ontology and the lexicon of force interactions.
In this paper, we consider opinion word extraction, one of the key problems in sentiment analysis. Sentiment analysis (or opinion mining) is an important research area within computational linguistics. Opinion words, which form an opinion lexicon, describe the attitude of the author towards certain opinion targets, i.e., entities and their attributes on which opinions have been expressed. Hence, the availability of a representative opinion lexicon can facilitate the extraction of opinions from texts. For this reason, opinion word mining is one of the key issues in sentiment analysis. We designed and implemented several methods for extracting opinion words. We evaluated these approaches by testing how well the resulting opinion lexicons help improve the accuracy of methods for determining the polarity of the reviews if the extracted opinion words are used as features. We used several machine learning methods: SVM, Logistic Regression, Naive Bayes, and KNN. By using the extracted opinion words as features we were able to improve over the baselines in some cases. Our experiments showed that, although opinion words are useful for polarity detection, they are not su fficient on their own and should be used only in combination with other features.
A scalable method for mining graph patterns stable under subsampling is proposed. The existing subsample stability and robustness measures are not antimonotonic according to definitions known so far. We study a broader notion of antimonotonicity for graph patterns, so that measures of subsample stability become antimonotonic. Then we propose gSOFIA for mining the most subsample-stable graph patterns. The experiments on numerous graph datasets show that gSOFIA is very efficient for discovering subsample-stable graph patterns.
Concept discovery is a Knowledge Discovery in Databases (KDD) research field that uses human-centered techniques such as Formal Concept Analysis (FCA), Biclustering, Triclustering, Conceptual Graphs etc. for gaining insight into the underlying conceptual structure of the data. Traditional machine learning techniques are mainly focusing on structured data whereas most data available resides in unstructured, often textual, form. Compared to traditional data mining techniques, human-centered instruments actively engage the domain expert in the discovery process. This volume contains the contributions to CDUD 2011, the International Workshop on Concept Discovery in Unstructured Data (CDUD) held in Moscow. The main goal of this workshop was to provide a forum for researchers and developers of data mining instruments working on issues with analyzing unstructured data. We are proud that we could welcome 13 valuable contributions to this volume. The majority of the accepted papers described innovative research on data discovery in unstructured texts. Authors worked on issues such as transforming unstructured into structured information by amongst others extracting keywords and opinion words from texts with Natural Language Processing methods. Multiple authors who participated in the workshop used methods from the conceptual structures field including Formal Concept Analysis and Conceptual Graphs. Applications include but are not limited to text mining police reports, sociological definitions, movie reviews, etc.
The paper concerns discourse-new referent detection. The task of coreference resolution is essential in many text-mining applications. The focus in this task is to detect noun phrases (NPs) that refer to the same entity. In languages without articles, there are no overt grammatical clues in an NP for whether it introduces a new referent into discourse or it refers to one of before-mentioned entities. However, there are some theoretical researches which claim that referent first-mentioning NPs have some specific features. In our research, we examine features that serve as discourse-new detectors for NPs corresponding to discourse salient referents and provide an experiment on different features contribution to this detection. The first-mention detection could help the quality of coreference resolution systems.