The article considers the origins of the ethnomethodological studies of science. It is shown that neither A. Schutz’s approach, nor ethnography of science (also known as a «second wave of the sociology of science») can serve as an origin of the ethnomethodological studies of science, because former rules out the possibility of the empirical investigation of scientific rationality and later presupposes the distinction between scientists’ technical and social competences. Therefore, the origins of the ethnomethodological studies of science should be found within the ethnomethodology itself.
Article puts before itself a purpose to clear specificity of the coordination between standard and non-standard social regulation of public relations in Belarus, leaning against conceptual, methodical and conceptual toolkit of phenomenological sociology and functionalism. In the attention center – communication between everyday experience of social interaction of individuals, social policy of the state and independent functioning of social structures. On this basis are established the reasons, mechanisms and forms of deviance regulation of social life in Belarus.