The article elaborates an illocutive-interactional classification of speech acts forming the minimal unities of the pragmatic module of french dialogical discourse. The criterion of this classification is pragmatic modality understood as a category including two varieties: a) illocutive modality embracing all the components of the utterance connected with the expression of locutor’s intentions; b) interactional modality characterizing the degree of interlocutors’ involvement and representation in the act of communication.
The article formulates the modular conception of discourse. On this basis, coordinating conjunctions and connectors are opposed as relational elements of syntactic and pragmatic discursive modules respectively. Conjunctions connect syntactic unities (members of sentence, sentences, etc.), while connectors relate pragmatic components (speech acts, moves, etc.).
The article focuses on the dialogical (non-narrative) uses of Russian delimitative predicates with prefix po (poguljat’, porabotat’). In dialogical discourse, such predicates almost obligatorily receive perfect interpretation (i. e. in almost all cases — at least for non-topical predicates — they always express the semantics of current relevance). They differ in this respect from the transformative perfective verbs (napisat’, kupit’), which also frequently receive perfect interpretation in dialogical discourse, but it can be easily cancelled. In addition, in dialogical discourse delimitative verbs form a functional opposition with the corresponding imperfective verbs (in their “general-factual” uses) (cf. a pair Ja pospal vs. Ja spal). While the former express perfect semantics proper (current relevance semantics) — Ja pospal; Ja uže poguljal, — the latter express opposite experiential ~ “existential” semantics — Ja spal; Ja uže guljal. Given the fact that the delimitative derivation is highly productive in Russian (delimitative predicate can be formed from almost any imperfective verb), it can be considered to perform in Russian the role of a specialized perfect for atelic situations and for telic situations not achieving their natural endpoint. At the same time this device is (almost) obligatory in this function only in dialogical discourse in non-topical uses. The role of “non-perfect” grammatical device in the same conditions is performed by corresponding imperfective predicates.
There were attempts to discovered the nature of the unique dialogue between philosopher Strahov and his famous contemporaries and opponents: Tolstoy, Dostoevsky and others in the monograph