Evidence-Based Entrepreneurship (EBE): A Systematic Approach to Cumulative Science
The concept and aim of evidence-based entrepreneurship (EBE) is discussed as a strategy to overcome the divide between knowledge developed in the field of entrepreneurship and its use in practice. We argue that meta-analyses can and should be used in entrepreneurship research (and that it should also be used for qualitative work).
Editors Neal Chalofsky, Tonette Rocco, and Michael Lane Morris have compiled a collection of chapters sponsored by the Academy of Human Resource Development that provide revolutionary insight into the concepts, theories, research initiatives, and practical applications essential to HRD. Topics range from HRD foundations, workforce development, and management to more specific topics such as implementing and managing HRD initiatives in the organization. The chapters are written by professionals who offer a wide range of experience and who represent the industry from varying international and demographic perspectives. The questions addressed include:
• Nationally and internationally, how does HRD stand with regard to academic study and research?
• What is its place in the professional world?
• What are the philosophies, values, and critical perspectives driving HRD forward?
• What theories, research initiatives, and other ideas are required to understand HRD and function successfully within this field?
• As the industry grows, what are the challenges and important issues that professionals expect to face? What hot topics are occupying these professionals now?
There is shown the importance of the society scientific enrichment, enlightenment with the anthropological and environmental knowledge, of education and training, to cultivate the feelings of unity, nobleness, justice and equity, ethics and aesthetics, life base common for everyone, including the one of religious view, in the article. Also there are examined some cases, when the scientific, educational or religious activity is accompanied by the dependent condition, which means exploitation, in the work. The author scrutinizes the issues of freedom from such exploitation infringement counteraction, including the criminal law measures.
The paper uses meta-analysis to investigate the evolution of returns to education in Russia during the economic transition. We present the evidence of strong increase in returns to education in the 1990s. The returns to education peaked at 8% per additional year of schooling in the early 2000s. Since the mid-2000s the positive trend has been reversed. We find that the estimated returns are sensitive to sample design, specification and estimation methods. On average the estimated returns are higher if one uses imputed (instead of actual) years of education and estimates earnings equation with the OLS. Among covariates, the form of ownership and settlement type (urban/ rural) has the largest effect on the estimated returns to education. Regional variables have significant impact on the estimated returns only being included into the earnings equation at the oblast (province) level.
Training and development of employees is one of the main directions of the HR-manager in the organization. The textbook describes the description and analysis of training as one of the methods of training and development of personnel. The structure of the textbook includes methodological and methodical aspects of training as a method of development of the individual, group, organization. Each section contains questions for self-examination and practical assignments.
The textbook is intended for students studying in the areas of "Management", "Business Management", "Personnel Management", "Psychology of Personality",as well as other socio-economic areas.