Проблемы и перспективы развития малых инновационных предприятий на базе высших учебных заведений России
The main objective of the OECD project was to develop recommendations aimed at improving the use of economic and other instruments of management of water resources for attaining sustainable development of water sector, as well as socio-economic development of the Republic of Buryatia as a whole. The project consisted of three stages that resulted in the development of specific relevant reports included in the series of works performed on the commission of OECD.
Proposed recommendations relate to improvement of water policies while the main aim of the series of project was not the development of detailed methodologies and instructions but rather identification of a general way for policy reforms in the field of water resource management. Such methodological guidelines on introduction and improvement of administrative and economic instruments are propose to be developed at a later stage, after relevant political decuisions on the proposed measures are made.
The article is dedicated to fiscal incentives for business angels. Business angel, a comparatively new phenomenon in Russia, is defined in the first part of the article. The second part is a research of fiscal incentives intended for private investors in order to encourage them to support small innovative enterprises. The research is based on European and North American experience. Finally, the third part suggests the ways of creating a system of fiscal incentives for business angels in Russia.
This paper based on extensive survey analyzes relationships between Russian companies and the state in 2006–2010. As well as company characteristics, regional differences are also taken into account. Special focus is made on changes in relations due to world crisis and differences in relations with the state between industrial companies and enterprises from service sector. Regression analysis shows that in 2009–2010 relationship was built on “model of exchange” principle and the system was quite inert: even changes in GRP and investments’ level induced by crisis do not influence the probability of receiving government support. However, it was established that when allocating support the authorities take unemployment changes into consideration, which means that social factors matter.