Цветообозначения человека как инструмент политики: отражение основных тенденций в немецкой языковой картине мира
The paper discusses sociolinguistic implementations of statistical analysis of the spoken subcorpus of the Russian National Corpus. Given the considerable size of the corpus (about 10 mln tokens), an analysis of co-variation of various linguistic parameters with one of the few sociolinguistic parameters available – the speaker’s gender – may give rich and interesting results. One specific example of co-variation is considered in detail: the mean length of the utterance (in tokens). Comparing this parameter in public communication shows statistically significant difference between the speech of men and women (men talk more), while the same difference is absent in private communication. Another important parameter is the gender of the addressee. Again, co-variation is quite different in public and private discourse. In private communication, the utterances are longer when addressing someone of the same sex, the difference between men and women is not statistically significant. In public communication, the utterances are longer when addressing a woman, whether the speaker herself is a man or woman. These conclusions are consistent with the results of sociolinguistic gender studies obtained elsewhere and by other methods. Linguistic difference between men and women are not absolute but depend on the communicative situation (public vs. private). Public discourse is a playground for linguistic competition in which men are the winning party. In private discourse, competition dissolves.
The December protests in Moscow do not represent a “Russian Spring,” “Orange Revolution,” or new version of Perestroika. Rather they have more in common with the Progressive movement that fought corruption in the U.S. during the early part of the twentieth century. The demonstrations made clear that Russian citizens now want to play an active role in their country’s political life.
The Essence of the act of nomination is to fix the communication of the subject and name, the phenomenon and its designation, the structures of the consciousness and its object. The act of nomination is the process of speech of thinking. Man picks the right means of nomination when forms a notion of an object or phenomenon. One of the types of secondary nomination - semantic transposition, which does not change the material appearance reinterpreted unit and leads to formation of its new value, i.e. for multiple purposes, namely, to metaphor.
This article considers metaphor as a unit of a popular discourse. Peculiarities of functioning of metaphor and explication model of metaphorisation in popular medical discourse are revealed and described.