This article defines the framework for identifying social and economic challenges that the timber industry currently faces in the regions of Northern European Russia. The analysis of identified problems on a regional and local scale for the case of Kostroma oblast is presented. The main institutional shifts during the
1990s–2000s are discussed, along with economic problems of regional timber industry systems and their social implications, as well as how companies and rural communities of Kostroma oblast have adapted to the challenges of the ongoing economic recession in 2009.
This reader contains a collection of scientific works, speeches given at various conferences, Internet-based articles and other works thematically related tothe Ugory project carried out by the Society of Professional Sociologists (SoPSo). Such issues as the current state of rural communities in the Near North of Russia, the protection of the natural environment and cultural heritage, the natural reproduction of capital, the prospects of migration of the urban'creative class' to the countryside and its subsequent work in a remote access are discussed in this reader. The collection of scholarly works has aninterdisciplinary character and brings together social scientists, economists, social geographers, specialists in the field of public administration, as well asevolutionary biologists and ecologists. In the articles of this reader, the prospects of development of the Near North of Russia, especially the Kostroma region, are explicitly outlined. The reader is intended for scientists in related disciplines, undergraduate and graduate students, as well as the residents of the Middle North of Russiawho are interested in the future of their region.