Проблемы секуляризации в информационном обществе
The article concerns the problem of the Russian absolutist monarchy of the XVIII - the beginning of XX-th centuries in a comparative perspective. The social function of absolutism consisted in national integration, cultural unification and social transformation of traditional society by using of legal and coercive measures. The crucial problem is the changing role of the bureaucracy which could be the main protagonist of reforms or, just the opposite – its main opponent. From this point of view the author summarizes positive and negative aspects of absolutist reforms making outlook on the comparative experience of other absolutist empires of Europe and Asia.
The chapter, based on the field research among week-end pilgrims, argues that the overage Orthodox believer in contemporary Russia in not a churchgoer and arrangers her religious life outside the church. Instead of acquiring religious knowledge and language under the supervision of the church, the new believers have created their own mode of religiosity by drawing upon their previous experiences (such as heritage tourism) and beliefs (such as bio-energy healing etc). The research shows that a longing for authenticity has been a central part of the construction of new identities in Russia, and this process has been expressed in the language of Orthodox Christian tradition, as people know this language in their post-Soviet present.
The paper contains an academic program of discipline «Sociology of Religion and Secularization». The discipline can be included in different humanities academic programs.