Research and Higher Education in Russia: Moving Closer Together
The world is changing. From shopping malls to transport terminals, aircraft to passenger ships, the infrastructure of society has to cope with ever more intense and complex flows of people. Today, more than ever, safety, efficiency and comfort are issues that must be addressed by all designers. The World Trade Centre disaster brought into tragic focus the need for well-designed evacuation systems. The new regulatory framework in the marine industry, acknowledges not only the importance of ensuring that the built environment is safe, but also the central role that evacuation simulation can play in achieving this.
An additional need is to design spaces for efficiency – ensuring that maximum throughput can be achieved during normal operations – and comfort – ensuring that the resulting flows offer little opportunity for needless queuing or excessive congestion. These complex demands challenge traditional prescriptive design guides and regulations. Designers and regulators are consequently turning to performance-based analysis and regulations facilitated by the new generation of people movement models.
The article discusses the methodological aspects of the development innovation foresight projects at the level of corporate structures. Proposed model design foresight-based software-problem method. Developed algorithms for estimating promising research and development using systems criteria and tree “purpose–R&D–resources”.
Already enough long time the Russian economy operates in rather stable macroeconomic conditions provided by existence of oil and gas "pillow". Even world financial crisis of 2008- 2009 didn't lead to long and essential falling of the prices for oil that allowed Russia to continue the policy on stabilizing the main macroeconomic indicators. At the same time, proclaimed by Russian Government, course on modernization of economy (actually proclaimed at the beginning of the 2000s, but not just at recent 4 years) should cause definite changes in national innovative system during this period and in these favorable financial conditions. In this article we will consider how the technological profile of the Russian innovative system has been changed and what forms of innovative behavior of key economic agents were established.
Research of trends of the development of the scientific bibliometric information in distributed databases as an application of the Kondratyev’s theory of cyclic dynamics of the socio-economic systems was done in this work. A structural analysis of resources of the intellectual information space was fulfilled and an algorithm for forecasting of the development of scientific and technological trends which basis on the analysis of equidistant time series’ distribution of patents in databases was designed. Indicators, which are reflecting the development of the potential of technology trends and the methodology for calculating ones, were built and represented.