Коммуникативная компетентность врача как профилактика профессионального стресса
The WHO strategy "Health for all" implements the transition from the paradigm of pathogenesis to salutogenesis, aimed at maintaining and strengthening public health, which in the field of work is provided by modern forms and methods of managing staff health and safety. Material and methods. The research was carried out at the enterprise of a high-tech machine-building complex for the production of gas turbines and included the study of professional stress, stress resistance and performance index in four groups of professions by means of a questionnaire survey. 144 employees (94 men and 50 women) aged from 26 to 45 years who have worked at the company for at least one year were invited to participate in the study voluntarily. Results. A multi-level regression model for assessing professional stress showed that psychophysiological, motivational, informational and behavioral factors determine the level of stress on average by 72.3 ± 2.6%, and a decrease in performance by 59.6 ± 4.6%. One of the results of the program implementation is the achievement of high motivation of employees to participate consciously in recreational activities at the workplace level (92%). Discussion. The conceptualization of occupational stress and performance is a prerequisite for the development and application of strategies to preserve and promote health at the workplace level, especially in intellectual work activities. These indicators can be used as predictors for determining the risk of early retirement, premature aging, and professional longevity, as well as for evaluating the quality of life of employees. Conclusion. Assessment and management of professional stress, maintaining high performance and forming a stable motivation of employees to participate in health-improving activities are one of the tools of the policy of maintaining health in the workplace and extending the professional longevity of the working population, which corresponds to the main goals of the national project "Demography".
The article describes the research areas of occupational and organizational stress. A question about the relationship between organizational stress and group defense mechanisms is discussed.