Перспективы развития зеленых финансов в России
The publication aims at informing a wide range of readers that are interested in the problem of climate change from a Russian perspective, such as students of environmental subjects, media and members of nature protection organisations. The brochure provides short answers to many questions related to the continuation of international actions regarding limitation and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions after 2012 – after completion of the first commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol.
The main objective of the guidebook is to examine financial instruments available within the Northern Dimension area for financing projects of cross-border transport and logistics infrastructure and to develop guidelines for co-financing mechanism. The gudelines assist the members, project managers and project promoters of the Northern Dimension Partnership on Transport and Logistics in applying the financial instruments that pull together the EU and national public and private funding, and to increase the successful implementation of the projects.
The first International Seminar on Environment and Society was held from March 2nd to 3rd, 2020 in Lisbon, Portugal under the motto of “Current Challenges and Pathways to Change.” The seminar was organized by the Environment and Society Section of the Portuguese Association of Sociology in collaboration with the Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon and the PhD program in Climate Change and Sustainable Development Policies.
The seminar aimed to engage social science researchers in a discussion of global environmental agendas, thus establishing complicated relationships between environment and society (both natural and anthropogenic), their consequences for sustainable development, and critical assessment of the current and forthcoming risks of decision-making for the future.
The program was organized in two days: the main sections were held simultaneously in five auditoriums, and the presentations of keynote speakers opened and closed each day. Apart from researchers in sociology and social sciences, the seminar was attended by a wide range of participants from a variety of disciplines including geology, philosophy, and legal studies, representing 19 countries around the world.
The keynote speakers of the conference were Alan Irwin (Professor, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark), Luísa Schmidt (Professor, Institute of Social Sciences, University of Lisbon, Portugal), Matthias Gross (Professor, Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research — UFZ and University of Jena, Germany), Noel Castree (Professor, School of Environment, Education and Development, University of Manchester, United Kingdom). They shared their understandings of the relationships between social groups and the environment and the environment and society as a whole. This seminar has established itself as a crucial event for productive discussion, demonstrating that social scientists around the world are responsive to environmental issues and stand ready to contribute to solving them.
Global trends of decarbonization of world economy and features of transition of the countries with high economic potential to low-carbon development are analyzed in this article on the basis of a research of the international reports of International Energy Agency (IEA), Institute of sustainable development and researches of France (IDDRI), national reports of UN FCCC. The authors research in detail on the modern directions of implementation of decarbonization of separate sectors of national economy (industry, transport, construction, etc.) of such countries as the USA, the European Union, China, South Korea and Great Britain, identify concrete measures for its implementation, including sectoral measures and mechanisms for improving energy efficiency, support for the development of renewable energy sources and prospects for the development of national systems of trade in emissions. The authors note that the analysis of global trends in the transition to low-carbon development and the development of decarbonization strategies, which presented in the article, has the special importance for the entry of the Republic of Kazakhstan into the club of developed countries.
REVIEW OF THE LOW CARBON DEVELOPMENT IN RUSSIA, GLOBAL CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES FOR REGIONAL ECONOMY
The chapter explores financial instruments and models that can be used to fund projects concerning the development of logistics infrastrucure in Russia. The authors review such sources as Investment fund of the Russian Federation, regional investment and road funds, funds of the EU and international financial institutions, private investment as well as special preparation funds. Different kinds of public-private partnership with reference to the logistics infrastructure projects are described and thoroughly analyzed.
According to the current international climate change regime, countries are responsible for greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that result from economic activities within their national borders, including emissions from producing goods for export. At the same time, imports of carbon-intensive goods are not addressed by international agreements, including the Paris Agreement that was adopted in 2015. This paper examines emissions embodied in Russia’s exports and imports based on the results of an input-output analysis. Russia is the second largest exporter of emissions embodied in trade and the large portion of these emissions is directed to developed countries. Because of the large amount of net exports of carbon-intensive goods, the current approach to emissions accounting does not suit Russia’s interests. On the one hand, Russia, as well as other large net emissions exporters, is interested in the revision of allocation of responsibility between exporters and importers of carbon-intensive products. On the other hand, both the commodity exports structure and relatively carbon inefficient technologies make Russia vulnerable to the policy of “carbon protectionism,” which can be implemented by its trade partners.
The second book from The Russia Balance Sheet Project, a collaboration of two of the world's preeminent research institutions--the Peterson Institute for International Economics and the Center for Strategic and International Studies--examines Russia after the financial crisis of 2007-2009. In the aftermath of the crisis, what is Russia's current economic status and role in the world order? How has the crisis changed a push for an innovation-driven economy fueled by advanced technology growth? Furthermore, how have recent allegations of political corruption affected domestic politics as well as the world's perception of Russia? To answer these questions, the book assesses Russia's international policy challenges and also provides an all-encompassing review of domestic issues. The authors consider foreign policy, Russia and it neighbors, climate change, Russia's role in the world, domestic politics, and corruption. As Russia grapples with the realities of the post-crisis world, this lucid volume offers the keen insights of today's foremost experts on Russia.