Master’s Degrees in Russia: The Reality of the Bologna System Implementation
This paper identifies the master’s students’ attitudes to the effects of Bologna reform in Russia. The core idea is that the main challenges in Bologna Process implementation in Russia are connect deeply with the quality of human capital. Conclusions were based on the results of a large-scale survey, conducted in 2019, in 19 Russian universities. The authors examined the shortcomings of higher education reform at the micro-level. Data demonstrates that the reform provided a real opportunity for students to change their education track; work experience is more important for employers than master’s degree; master’s students enter the labour market as early as possible; master’s students are not eligible for entrepreneurship and collaborative group work skills; most master’s students believe that hard skills are crucial for any future job. The transition to a two-cycle system is assessed rather negatively, both by students and teachers. This paper also opens a discussion for more use for the Bologna reform implementation sustainable development framework.