Design of Navigation Satellite Systems in Effective Geomonitoring for Mining
. Currently for a mining science it is actively developing branch of knowledge, called "satellite technology", which has diverse practical applications for geodesy, mine surveying, control systems, mining logistic and transport complex, ensuring the safety and control of the risks there creation of tools and methods of the implementation of energy efficiency strategies. For specialists of mine surveying and geodesy introduction of practice, satellite-positioning methods has become almost revolutionary technological revolution that led to a radical revision of the structure of geodetic support of the country, fundamental changes in the methods field and laboratory work on the earth's surface. There are examples of current uses of satellite technology over the last decade at the leading companies of the mining sector. The creation of new methods of technical and economic audit determines the need for generation and proof of the most common and objective criteria and evaluation indicators for the design phase and launch of the satellite equipment. To extend the lifetime of spacecraft is pro-posed in the schematic design phase to calculate the possible effects of electrostatic discharges and to give recommendations for reducing their negative influence. Developed a new method that allows for 2-3 orders of magnitude to reduce the complexity of calculation for the pattern of spreading of the currents on the surface of spacecraft from electrostatic discharge. The method is based by the idea of macromodeling. The accuracy of calculations is very high (the inaccuracy does not exceed 1%).