Рим (разделы: XIV – начало XV в., "Авиньонское пленение пап", Схизма в католической Церкви)
The goal of the article is to distinguish the trustworthy data on the decoration of the apse of the Church of Santa Maria Antiqua from the stereotypes of the scolarship.
Recent studies on the role of Italy (especially Rome) as the culminating stage of the Grand Tour in the 18th century focus not only on the educational and educational aspects of such trips, but also on the most important social characteristic of the Age of Enlightenment - sociabilité. This study fits into this trend on the example of travels made in Italy in 1775-1776 by the counts N.P. and S.P. Rumyantsevs in the company of F.M. Grimm. The opportunity to follow the correspondence of the Rumyantsev brothers, written during this journey, is of particular interest, as the initial idea of the decline of Rome is enriched by reflections on the role of religion in the development of art, bringing to the image of Rome - the center of the world united by neoclassical culture.
The article analyses the mosaics in the important Roman churches and studies the common meaning of their decorations.
This publication, edited for the first time in Russia, is dedicated to the famous Roman gallery of Borghese, with a collection of ancient art and sculpture of the New Time, Renaissance masterpieces and works of artists of the 17th and 18th centuries, collected by one of the most celebrated and powerful Italian families and kept in a beautiful palace built especially for works of art. In this space are collected the magnificent sculptures of Bernini, works of Raphael and Titian, paintings of Giovanni Bellini and Paolo Veronese, Perugino and Correggio, Cranach and Rubens and other famous masters.
This article deals with some aspects of the influence of the Roman public law on the Russia law. Particular attention is paid to the analysis of the concepts of "state" and "tsarstvo" in the Roman public law and Russian law, of the legal aspects of the relationship between church and state in Ancient Rome, and Russia - the "Third" Rome, of the concept of the republic, as well as the relationship of public power and people in Roman and Soviet law.
The paper examines the main features of Roman-Irish relationship through the prism of military conflicts. Latin sources of the second half of the 4th century mention two groups of Irish raiders: skotti and attacotti. Both groups are difficult to identify, however it is proposed, based on the account of Ammianus Marcellinus, to distinguish them by the logic of forming (respectively, social and clan-based) and goals of military actvity (plundering and serch for new territory to settle). This assumtion is confirmed by later accounts of the sources.
The article is about the comparison of the data on the Iconoclasm from historical sources and monuments of art.