Reliability of Multimodal Export Transportation of Metallurgical Products
The export supplies of metal products represent one of the traditional areas of specialization of Russia in the international trade relations. The feature of such deliveries is the dependence of the contract price on the chosen method of transportation of the delivered products to foreign partners. An important aspect is to ensure the reliability of transportation. The authors of the article proposed a new criterion for the total costs presented, allowing to take into account the direct costs of transportation and losses due to a decrease in the turnover of cash with an increase in delivery time. A mathematical model for evaluating the reliability of transportation is presented and calculations are performed. Attention is paid to the construction of the information platform for the analysis of transport and technological schemes and to ensure the interaction of transportation participants. The formation of a single information space and the provision of semantic compatibility in data exchange based on the ontological approach are recommended. The approach proposed by the authors of the article is used to compare the three main competing options for transporting metal products from Russia to Germany. It has been established that multimodal transportation using rail, sea and road transport is most preferable.