Changes to the content, structure of the subjects is the process necessary and in some cases salutary. The school social science is not an exception. Moreover, as modern public realities change quickly enough then the ideas about what should be the subject, reflecting them, is also changeable. Discussion on, to what degree and in what directions it is expedient to transform the developed subject, are especially actual as the school is on the threshold of transition to the new educational standards. Discussion is opened by L.V. Polyakov's acute polemic material. The author strictly criticizes the paradigm of the today's social science («society as a subject for studying» - the so-called spherical approach) and proves the variant of training courses for the senior school, developed under his control.