Variations on the Theme of Zariski’s Cancellation Problem
This is an expanded version of the talk by the author at the conference Polynomial Rings and Affine Algebraic Geometry, February 12--16, 2018, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan. Considering a local version of the Zariski Cancellation Problem naturally leads to exploration of some classes of varieties of special kind and their equi-variant versions. We discuss several topics inspired by this exploration, including the problem of classifying a class of affine algebraic groups that are naturally singled out in studying the conjugacy problem for algebraic subgroups of the Cremona groups.
Let $G$ be a connected reductive group acting on an irreducible normal algebraic variety $X$. We give a slightly improved version of Local Structure Theorems obtained by Knop and Timashev, which describe the action of some parabolic subgroup of $G$ on an open subset of $X$. We also extend various results of Vinberg and Timashev on the set of horospheres in $X$. We construct a family of nongeneric horospheres in $X$ and a variety $\Hor$ parameterizing this family, such that there is a rational $G$-equivariant symplectic covering of cotangent vector bundles $T^*\Hor \dashrightarrow T^*X$. As an application we recover the description of the image of the moment map of $T^*X$ obtained by Knop. In our proofs we use only geometric methods which do not involve differential operators.
Fascinating and surprising developments are taking place in the classification of algebraic varieties. Work of Hacon and McKernan and many others is causing a wave of breakthroughs in the Minimal Model Program: we now know that for a smooth projective variety the canonical ring is finitely generated. These new results and methods are reshaping the field. Inspired by this exciting progress, the editors organized a meeting at Schiermonnikoog and invited leading experts to write papers about the recent developments. The result is the present volume, a lively testimony of the sudden advances that originate from these new ideas. This volume will be of interest to a wide range of pure mathematicians, but will appeal especially to algebraic and analytic geometers.
We put forward a method for constructing semiorthogonal decompositions of the derived category of G-equivariant sheaves on a variety X under the assumption that the derived category of sheaves on X admits a semiorthogonal decomposition with components preserved by the action of the group G on X. This method is used to obtain semiorthogonal decompositions of equivariant derived categories for projective bundles and blow-ups with a smooth centre as well as for varieties with a full exceptional collection preserved by the group action. Our main technical tool is descent theory for derived categories.
The workshop “Algebraic Varieties and Automorphism Groups” was held at the Research Institute of Mathematical Sciences (RIMS), Kyoto University during July 7-11, 2014. There were over eighty participants including twenty people from overseas Canada, France, Germany, India, Korea, Poland, Russia, Singapore, Switzerland, and USA.
Recently, there have been remarkable developments in algebraic geometry and related fields, especially, in the area of (birational) automorphism groups and algebraic group actions.
The purpose of this workshop was to provide the experts and young researchers with the opportunities to interact in the fields of affine and complete algebraic geometry, group actions and commutative algebra related to the topics listed below as well as to publicize the new results. We are confident that these purposes were achieved by the endeavors of the participants.
The main topics of the workshop were the following:Algebraic varieties containing An-cylinders; Algebraic varieties with fibrations; Algebraic group actions and orbit stratifications on algebraic varieties; Automorphism groups and birational automorphism groups of algebraic varieties.
There were 19 talks on the above and related topics by experts from the viewpoints of (affine) algebraic geometry, transformation groups, and commutative algebra. Inspired by the talks, there were active discussions and communication among participants during and after the workshop.
The present volume is the proceedings of the workshop and contains 15 articles on the workshop topics. We hope that this volume will contribute to the progress in the theories of algebraic varieties and their automorphism groups.
The workshop was financially supported by the RIMS and Grant- in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) 24340006, JSPS. We wish to thank all those who supported us in organizing the workshop and preparing this volume.
Kayo Masuda, Takashi Kishimoto, Hideo Kojima, Masayoshi Miyanishi, Mikhail Zaidenberg
All papers in this volume have been refereed and are in final form. No version of any of them will be submitted for publication elsewhere.
Exploring Bass’ Triangulability Problem on unipotent algebraic subgroups of the affine Cremona groups, we prove a triangulability criterion, the existence of nontriangulable connected solvable affine algebraic subgroups of the Cremona groups, and stable triangulability of such subgroups; in particular, in the stable range we answer Bass’ Triangulability Problem in the affirmative. To this end we prove a theorem on invariant subfields of 1-extensions. We also obtain a general construction of all rationally triangulable subgroups of the Cremona groups and, as an application, classify rationally triangulable connected one-dimensional unipotent affine algebraic subgroups of the Cremona groups up to conjugacy.
We explore orbits, rational invariant functions, and quotients of the natural actions of connected, not necessarily finite dimensional subgroups of the automorphism groups of irreducible algebraic varieties. The applications of the results obtained are given.