The article discusses one of the 1720s Russian educational projects that was presumably written by Andrey Osterman who was an appointed governor to the young emperor Peter II. The proposal that had been approved by The Supreme Privy Council delivered a full value program of Peter II’s study. Though the issue whether the plan was realized or not remains unclear the text itself presents the ground to consider the education principles that were employed to meet the need of power discourse. The author argues that unlike educational priorities accepted under the first Russian emperor Peter I who promoted mathematics and technical subjects his grandson Peter II was to be brought up according to the program based on learning dominantly history and geography. The article’s second part communicates ideas of the ground of such attitude change that happened within a very limited period of time and evaluates the interest the Russian Royal Court demonstrated to Osterman’s project in the early 1760s. The original text of the manuscript currently kept at the Russian State Archives of Ancient Documents (RGADA) is presented as a supplement to the article.