РАЗРАБОТКА НОВЫХ МАГИСТЕРСКИХ ПРОГРАММ ПО НАПРАВЛЕНИЮ "БИЗНЕС-ИНФОРМАТИКА" ДЛЯ ПОДГОТОВКИ КАДРОВОГО ПОТЕНЦИАЛА ЦИФРОВОЙ ЭКОНОМИКИ РФ
The work is devoted to the topical issues of practical implementation of digital transformation services in the economic processes of transport, foreign and mutual trade in the digital economy. The authors analyze the strategic planning documents adopted recently in the EAEU countries, which provide for measures aimed at stimulating the development of digital technologies and their use in various sectors of the economy, including the program "Digital economy of the Russian Federation". Emphasis is placed on the fact that there is no definition of "digital economy" in the approved policy document, which focuses on the development of purely infrastructural elements of the new economic order. The authors, noting the service nature of the transport industry, propose a new principle of priority implementation of innovative digital management mechanisms in transport processes: first, the construction of new digital services, then - the creation or integration of infrastructure necessary to ensure them.
The shift to digital technologies in various industries is one of the key goals in the digital agenda. Due to the essential role of interoperability of products and elements in complex systems, standardization stays in the forefront of government policy and business. In manufacturing systems, standards are of a prime importance, since they serve as a channel for modernization and innovation speedup. This paper makes a contributionto the currently rare literature on digital manufacturing standardization as a policy tool to promote digital technologies in business. By comparing five national cases of China, Germany, Japan, the Republic of Korea and the USA, we introduce national models of standardization in smart manufacturing according to the extent of state participation in standardization. In doing so, we examined initiatives in industry, digitalization, the development of a national system of standards, the reference architecture of digital production, as well as the countries’ cooperation in the field. Along with this, an overview of international initiatives in the field is presented, namely the ISO and the IEC. Taking into account the existing landscape, an assessment of the Russian case of digitalization in manufacturing and standardization is presented. Like China, Russia follows the third model of standardization. Given the results, we developed recommendations for Russia with the aim of intensifying efforts at standardization and the country’s presence in the international agenda, as well as to develop a Russian framework for digital transformation in sectors and achieve related economic effects.
The publication presents the materials of the reports of the participants of the Nineteenth all-Russian Symposium "Strategic planning and development of enterprises". The reports cover a wide range of topical theoretical and practical issues related to strategic planning and development of enterprises.
The collective monograph summarized the materials of the VIIth scientific-practical conference "Monetary reform of 1947 and its role in restoring the national economy", held on December 7, 2017 at the Financial University for the 70th anniversary of the monetary reform of 1947 and the 100th anniversary of the Financial University under the Government RF. The holding of this conference is of great importance for the Financial University, since the economists who worked for a long time at the Financial University were directly involved in the preparation and implementation of the reform - Z.V. Atlas, I.D. Zlobin, M.M. Usoskin. The authors of the collective monograph focused on the most topical, theoretical and practical aspects of preparing and conducting the monetary reform of 1947. In this regard, the collective monograph, without pretending to a comprehensive analysis of the post-war restoration of the monetary system and sphere of circulation, reflects historians and sociologists in the following sections: preparation of the reform, its prerequisites; features of the exchange of cash and non-cash money; public response to ongoing activities; the role of reform in the socio-economic development of the USSR; theoretical understanding of the reform, its comparison with similar reforms abroad. In a separate section highlighted issues of modern development of monetary systems in the era of globalization and digital technologies, considered the likelihood of new monetary reforms. The monograph is intended for specialists in the field of economic theory, economic history and history of economic thought, for teachers, students, graduate students. The materials of the monograph can also be useful to all interested in historical and economic issues.