Что такое цифровая экономика? Тренды, компетенции, измерение: докл. к XX Апр. междунар. науч. конф. по проблемам развития экономики и общества, Москва, 9–12 апр. 2019 г.
This book comprises high-quality, refereed research papers presented at the 2019 International Symposium on Computer Science, Digital Economy and Intelligent Systems (CSDEIS2019): The symposium, held in Moscow, Russia, on 4–6 October 2019, was organized jointly by Moscow State Technical University and the International Research Association of Modern Education and Computer Science. The book discusses the state of the art in areas such as computer science and its technological applications; intelligent systems and intellectual approaches; and digital economics and methodological approaches. It is an excellent reference resource for researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, engineers, and management practitioners interested in computer science and its applications in engineering and management.
Materials of scientific and practical conference are included in the collection of works «Digital economy and «the Industry 4.0»: problems and prospects», prepared by laboratory «Innovative industrial economy» of Peter the Great St. Petersburg polytechnical university together with a number of the scientific organizations, higher education institutions, the industry entities.
In the collection of scientific works materials according to the theory of development of digital economy in modern conditions of the global competition, practical realization of the concept «the Industry 4.0», to research of problems and prospects of development of innovative activity of economic systems and enterprise entities, use of tools and valuation methods of an industrial development of regions, industries, the entities are reflected.
In the collection works of scientists and specialists of a number of higher education institutions, Russian Academies of Sciences institutes, the organizations, organizations and the entities, representatives of bodies of the public, municipal administration and executive power of Russia and foreign countries are provided.
Materials of the collection will be useful to teachers, scientists, specialists of the industrial, scientific enterprises, the organizations and organizations, and also graduate students, undergraduates and students.
The article is devoted to the consideration of a number of organizational and methodological issues of creating a digital platform for the transport complex, concerning the problems of analysis and accounting for risks that arise when integrating competencies for the formation of information and logistics services. The questions that the authors explore in this article are very relevant when creating digital services on the transport platform based on the integration of several technological products belonging to different owners. Detailing possible risks is necessary for their subsequent mitigation by the organizational and technological infrastructure of the digital platform.
The authors consider the relationships that arise between the fundamental elements of the digital platform: the basic product of the platform, digital services and their sales processes. We analyze various categories of the basic product - an intangible asset, without which a complex of digital services cannot be built within the digital platform. The study examines the dependence of an intangible asset on the assets of tangible and human carriers of this asset, as well as the risks that arise in this case.
The research is based on the methodology of conceptual analysis of designing complex socio-economic forms and organizational structures, which was successfully tested when creating the aerograd information and logistics center at Sheremetyevo international airport.
The use of the methodological approach outlined by the authors allows minimizing the risks that arise during the development of digital services by developing appropriate contractual forms and technologies that make up the digital platform repository, as well as selecting appropriate organizational and legal mechanisms for creating functional components of the transport platform. For effective practical integration of competencies, a recommendation is given for creating an innovative center of the digital platform in the organizational and legal form of a non-commercial partnership.
The article deals with a number of problems that arise during the digital transformation of transport and logistics processes.
The study of the problems of forming new business processes for managing transport and logistics segments of the market in modern conditions of the digital economy is extremely relevant. The emergence of a new industry-digital logistics requires the creation and implementation of adequate organizational and methodological approaches, both on the part of the state and business. With obvious threats of loss of control, the potential for national digital logistics is huge.
Considering the processes of supply chain management from the point of view of transport forwarding, the author makes a conclusion about the need for an adequate response of domestic logistics to the rapidly changing forms of the market. Special attention is paid to the issues of digital transformation of the industry, the study of global and domestic experience in implementing digital economy technologies in real transport and logistics business processes. New technologies and mechanisms of digital transformation are global, they concern the whole world, all segments of the economy. Exploring the experience of creating new digital agendas that revise existing regulatory norms of old economic processes, the author suggests that there is no need to copy outdated standards. The idea of advanced localization of modern world trends in order to meet the new economic paradigm is formulated. The author concludes that insufficient attention is paid to creating the necessary innovative climate to support first of all advanced ideas, and not only implemented business projects. The article emphasizes that new management services for digital transformation can only be designed with integrated competencies.
The paper presents the main results of conjuncture monitoring, which characterize the digital activity of retail trade organizations in 2018. The objects of observation were large, medium and small retail companies registered in Russia.
The main goal of this work was to evaluate the digital activity level of the retail sector using the developed non-quantitative indicators that meet international standards and the country's digital agenda. The presented set of harmonized indicators made it possible to identify the tendencies, scope and intensity of the spread of digital technologies in the organizations.
The level and intensity of digitalization were first determined on the basis of entrepreneurial opinions and intentions regarding the pace and scale of introducing digital technologies, readiness for digital transition, skills in working with digital technologies, the use of specific digital products, as well as the main factors hindering digital transformation.
This book covers the challenges posed by digitalisation of labour markets in different countries of the world (a number of EU counties, Russia, Belarus, India, Arab countries and China). The authors address such aspects of digitalisation as: (1) the impact of new technologies in the labour market; (2) the impact of new technologies in the employees’ private life; and (3) the impact of new technologies on the labour process.