Global Market Creation for Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles
The problem of developing a chain of charging stations for electric vehicles along a highway crossing a geographic region is considered. A tool for determining an optimal structure of this chain is proposed. The use of the tool, particularly, allows one to estimate the cost of (and thus the needed volume of investment for) developing the chain proceeding from a) the demand for electricity in the chain, b) the existing technological and legal requirements to the structure of such a chain, c) the expected production capacities of all the types of renewable sources of energy, which can effectively be deployed at each charging station from the chain, and d) the cost of the equipment to be acquired and installed at each charging station to provide the chain customers with electricity to be received by each charging station in the chain from both electrical grids and renewable sources of energy, the cost of maintaining this equipment, and the cost of operating it. The problem under consideration is formulated as a nonlinear mixed programming one of maximizing the minimum function of a sum of several linear and two bilinear functions of vector arguments. It is proven that under certain natural and verifiable assumptions, finding solutions to this problem turns out to be reducible to solving either a mixed programming problem with linear constraints or a linear programming problem and an integer programming one. For a set of model data, an illustrative example of formulating and solving the problem under consideration is provided, and the way to use the tool in negotiations with potential investors in the project is discussed.
In the US, given the federal tax deduction, the cost of owning an electric vehicle becomes comparable to the cost of owning a traditional car.
The number of electric vehicles in the world exceeded 2 million units in 2016, the main markets are the US and China. An analysis of the progress of electric vehicles in the largest markets will allow us to assess the prospects for the consumption of petroleum fuels in transport.
The compendium of articles presented at the sixth international conference, organized by the Center of Energy Studies, IMEMO RAS and Faculty of International Energy Business, Gubkin Russian State University (NRU) of Oil and Gas covers complex and multidimensional processes of world energy restructuring. Of special interest are the articles of scholars of the Center of Energy Studies, IMEMO RAS and Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas Base Chair at IMEMO, that focuses on the electrification of road transport, energy transition in Germany, restructuring of natural gas sector in India and Brazil and Russia’s cooperation with foreign countries in energy sphere.
The article discusses the prospects for the promotion of electric vehicles and forecasts of the crowding out of oil in road transport.
The compendium of articles presented at the fifth international conference of young scientists, organized by the Center of Energy Studies, IMEMO RAS and Faculty of International Energy Business of Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU), focuses on the complex and multidimensional processes of world energy restructuring. Of special interest are the articles from the young scholars of Center of Energy Studies, IMEMO RAS and Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas Base Chair at IMEMO, covering the world oil market developments, transport electrification, LNG market development and China’s and India’s gas market restructuring.