The Relationship between ICT Development and Literacy, Numeracy and Problem Solving Skills of Adults in the OECD Countries
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between ICT development and literacy, numeracy and problem solving skills for adults in the OECD countries. This study involves secondary data analysis from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies 2011, International Telecommunication Union, and World Bank datasets. Countries participated in the large-scale survey were chosen and all participants were selected from the dataset for each country and survey. Hierarchical linear modeling was applied to examine both country- and individual-level variables: these variables were analyzed against the outcome variables of literacy, numeracy and problem solving. According to the findings of this study, national ICT development is not a significant predictor for individual literacy, numeracy and problem solving skills. An individual ICT use is a significant predictor even if it is controlled by the socioeconomic status, gender and age of individuals. Implications related to the relationship between ICT development and literacy, numeracy and problem solving skills and future research needs are discussed.