Диалектика правовых ценностей в правотворчестве переходного периода (6-70 годы XIX - начала ХХ вв.)
The article outlines new contracts, regulating social relations on railway transport in the light of the current structural reform of this mode of transport. The aim of this reform is to provide a smooth economically sound transition of the natural monopolist - the railway service - to the market economy environment. However, the implementation of the reform has been downplayed. This can be explained by the fact that Russian Railways (RZD) have been maintaining their functions as the carrier while simultaneously handling the infrastructure facilities as the proprietor of both the infrastructure per se and the rolling stock. In the current laws these functions are to be executed by different subjects on a contractual basis, what has been shown in the paper. New contracts mentioned in the article must get legal framework in relation to other modes of transport.
The paper deals with the political sense of the dialectical method of Plato. Dialectics is often understood as a pure logical procedure. However the two forms of the dialectical discourse (mentioned in the “Phaedrus”) must be interpreted politically: the first one is a movement of freedom, the second one is a movement of justice. The paper offers a comparison of different conception of dialectics by Plato, Aristotle, Hegel, and Paul Ricoeur.