The article considers the doctrine concerning the national question in the work of the Juridical Council of the Provisional Government. The Juridical Council was established as a governmental body of legal expertise, which considered bills in the legislative system of the Provisional Government. During 1917 after the February revolution Juridical Council had faced up to longstanding national problem in Finland and Ukraine. To cope with secessionists tendencies lawyers of the Juridical Council offered a doctrine of cultural self-determination and autonomy with no political independence.
A.Herzen as a scholar of contemporary history: Polish aspects. Herzen considered the Polish national movement as the main ally of Russian revolutionaries in their struggle against autocracy and highly appreciated the Poles' sacrifice. However the moderate nature of Polish social doctrine and demands to restore the former eastern border of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth caused Herzen's critical evaluations. The Polish partners of Herzen were not ready to share all of his ideas. Differences of the programs complicated Russian-Polish revolutionary cooperation. Analyzing the Russian-Polish relations of the last three decades, Herzen proposed his own vision of the Russian Empire's contemporary history.