Although the process of development of Russia’s regions in 2017 (January-October) was less problem-ridden than in 2016, the economic stabilization did not bring about any positive social progress. The growth of the portion of regional budgets allocated to social expenditures conduced to a more noticeable increase in the funding of education and culture, but the growth of health care expenditures was extremely insignificant for the second year in a row. The volume of welfare benefits issued to the population in the field of social protection remained practically unchanged, although it should be said that more than 40% of the regions did optimize them. Over the period January-October 2017, Russia registered a 170 thousand decrease in the number of births as compared with the same period of the previous year. In November, Russia initiated the introduction of several new measures designed to boost its birth rate and to support families with children. The mortality rate from all causes of death continued slowly to decline. However, the rate of natural population decline rose to 115,000. Over the period January-September 2017, migratory increase was the lowest since 2010. Although for the time being this increase is sufficient to compensate for natural population decline, if the current trends continue, Russia’ population can start shrinking again. Temporary migration to Russia also continues to decline slowly. Most of the migrant workers come to Russia from the CIS countries, the vast majority of them being the natives of Central Asia.