Формирование средств правовой защиты при нарушении договора международной купли-продажи товаров в процессе унификации права международной торговли
The digital economy is gradually gaining traction through a variety of recent technological developments, including the introduction of the Internet of things, artificial intelligence and markets for data. This innovative book contains contributions from leading competition law scholars who map out and investigate the anti-competitive effects that are developing in the digital economy.
This article is motivated by a growing interest in the problem of merger control quality assessment. Remedies are one of the instruments of merger control and have a significant influence on the results of it. This paper aims to build and empirically evaluate a discrete choice model of merger remedies implementation in Russian merger control. The database consists of 502 merger cases accepted by the Russian antimonopoly agency between 2010 and 2012. We analyse the agency’s decisions to find which characteristics of merging firms and markets lead the Federal Antimonopoly Service of the Russian Federation to decide whether to allow conditional acceptance. We find that variables related to high market power such as high market share and significant entry barriers more frequently result in a remedy outcome. Such industries as the coal mining and chemical industry positively affect the probability of a remedy implementation. At the same time we do not find significant effects of such high-concentrated industries as energy and gas. In addition, the results also demonstrate that if one of the 5 giant firms take part in a merger, it has a positive effect on the probability of the remedy decisions. Our study did not detect the influence of the firm-buyer’s countries on using remedies.
Recently, the state taken various measures to protect the rights of citizens who use the various types of transportation, namely air, road and rail. In turn, the legal status of the passenger includes a number of rights and obligations, which legal regulations are in need of improvement. As practice shows, to date, more frequent non-standard rights violations during transportation of passengers and active use of the citizens of judicial and extrajudicial protection of their rights. This paper is devoted to these issues and graduate student of the Department of Private International Law, Faculty of Law of the National Research University «Higher School of Economics» Kasatkina A.S. considering these issues.
This article is motivated by a growing interest in the issue of merger control quality assessment. Remedies are one of the tools to control mergers and to have a significant influence on their results. This paper aims to analyze the merger remedies implementation in Russian merger control between 2007 and 2013. We have collected the database consisting of 134 merger cases accepted with remedies by the Russian antimonopoly agency. We analyzed the content of agency’s decisions and characterize how Russian authorities use behavioral and structural conditions. This helps us find special features of implementing remedies in Russian merger control. We try to explain the differences between Russian and developed countries practices.