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Regular version of the site

Book chapter

Concluding remarks to Volume 2: are some countries more informal than others? The case of Russia

P. 487-492.
Barsukova S., Ledeneva A.

Russia is renowned for its unwritten rules. There are informal practices in all countries, as these volumes show, but some scholars have argued that in Russia such practices play a particularly important role. The difference, it is argued, lies not only in the scale and diversity of the practices. Rather it is that, for Russians, informality is not an option but a necessity, just as it is part and parcel of the system of governance.

In book

Edited by: A. Ledeneva. Vol. 2. L.: UCL Press , 2018.