Mens eroica del giuresconsulto. Il superamento del jus strictum e la storia della libertà nel pensiero giuridico di Vico
This article is focused on the interpretation by Vico of two particular categories of the Roman law: actio praescriptis verbis and fictio juris. Drawing on the legal humanist tradition and the 17th century juridical thought (Jacopo Cuiacio, Antoine Favre, Andrea Alciato, François Hotman, Peter Müller), Vico examines the ways of resolving the tension between jus civile and practical life in the ancient Roman jurisprudence. It has been shown that, whereas in case of actio praescriptis verbis this contradiction is overcome by appealing to the facticity as such independently from the sacred legal formulas, in that of fictio juris a kind of a modal shift takes place, actualizing the potential of the “als ob” logic.